The first of four Type 214 submarines for the Greek Navy, the Papanikolis, was christened at Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft (HDW), Kiel, on 22 April 2004. The 1,860-ton submerged displacement Type 214 has an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system and is planned for delivery during September 2005. The Papanikolis will be followed by three sisters on order from HDW's subsidiary Hellenic Shipyard at Skaramanga, Greece, the Pipinos, Matrozos, and Katsonis. The 213-foot-long boats are equipped with two 120-kw Siemens fuel cell AIP power units, as well as two 1,000-kw diesel generator sets. Three of Greece's four Type 209/1200 submarines also are being backfitted with fuel-cell AIP during refits ordered in june 2002. Two Type 209PN boats ordered by Portugal on 21 April 2004 also will have Siemens AIP systems in addition to their normal diesel generator plants; the first of the $490-million boats is to be delivered in 2009 and the second a year later. The pair is intended to replace the remaining two 1960s-vintage Daphne-class boats, which are to be retired during 2006.
By A. D. Baker III