The threat of maritime terrorism is global and growing. To counter it, naval forces and agencies will need to combine active and passive countermeasures with a strong program of cooperation and intelligence sharing.
In the past 20 years, more than 100 hostile actions have been carried out against maritime shipping. Many ships were attacked and captured at sea, especially in Southeast Asian waters. Some shipping and oil companies have paid enormous sums of money to criminal syndicates and organizations to safeguard their commercial interests. Considering the economic importance of the maritime sector—30% of the world's economy depends on trade, and 99.7% of all intercontinental trade travels by sea-this phenomena demands immediate attention.