Proceedings Magazine - October 2003 Vol. 129/10/1,208

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Cover Story

In October, both the U.S. Naval Institute and the U.S. Navy commemorate their birthdays. For the Naval Institute, it is our 130th year serving the nation, its armed services and service members,...



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    In October, both the U.S. Naval Institute and the U.S. Navy commemorate their birthdays. For the Naval Institute, it is our 130th year serving the nation, its armed services and service members, and the citizenry. With the capability and future...

  • Comment and Discussion

    "Chiefs Are Professionals"

    (See D. Hinson, p. 60, September 2003 Proceedings)

    Chief Jim Murphy, U.S. Navy—The title of Master Chief Hinson's article is absolutely correct, and I support his...

  • World Naval Developments: Fighting in Iraq Is Worthwhile
    By Norman Friedman

    Through the summer, U.S. soldiers continued to die at Iraqi hands, as did a large U.N. mission and various Iraqis. What sort of victory did the United States win the previous spring? Is the new kind of war, which had seemed so dazzlingly...

  • The Next Revolution at Sea
    By Rear Admiral H. G. Ulrich III and Rear Admiral Mark J. Edwards, USN

    Navy investments for the future emphasize connectivity, modularity, and unmanned systems. Taking these concepts to sea will be a trio of surface sea frames—beginning with the Littoral Combat Ship in 2007.


  • Invasion of the Transformers
    By Commander Jeff Huber, USN (Ret.)

    The Transformers have landed. Disguised as mere mortals, they have infiltrated every nook and cranny of the military/industrial complex. But has anything really changed?

  • Unplug the Computers & Power Up the Petty Officers
    By Captain Robert P. Kozloski, U.S. Marine Corps

    Third Prize, Vincent Astor Memorial Leadership Essay Contest

  • Rapid Decisive Ops Are Risky Business
    By Christopher Ankersen and Losel Tethong

    As shown in Iraq, shock and awe—and its current incarnation, Rapid Decisive Operations—promises startling effects with light forces and few casualties. But if it ignores the fact that the difficulties of "old...

  • Coast Guard Must Play in Overseas War Plans
    By Admiral Paul A. Yost Jr., USCG (Ret.)

    Then it's Tommy this, an' Tommy that an' "Tommy,
    'ow's yer soul?"
    But it's "Thin red line of 'eroes" when the drums begin
    to roll—"

  • 'We Must Now Make a Success of It': An Interview with James Schlesinger

    Following a working lunch with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, the former Secretary of Defense, Director of Intelligence, and Secretary of Energy spoke recently in his Washington, D.C., office with the Naval Institute’s Fred L...

  • U.S. Naval Academy Is Balanced
    By Vice Admiral James F. Calvert, U.S. Navy (Retired), Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy, 1968-1972

    An article in the 14 July issue of The National Review, "Babylon Comes to Sparta" by John J. Miller, has raised considerable attention on the web. Because I am sometimes accused of having started all this trouble with the majors program...

  • Navy Medicine's Role in "Sea Power 21"
    By Rear Admiral Donald C. Arthur, Medical Corps, U.S. Navy

    To overcome the threats posed by weapons of mass destruction, Navy medicine must take its place in the naval transformation process described in "Sea Power 21." "Sea Power 21" identifies three fundamental concepts that form...

  • Ten Things You Should Know before You Join the Fleet
    By Captain Christopher Nicholas, U.S. Navy

    "I wish someone would just tell me the truth." It is the mantra of midshipmen from time immemorial. They seem to feel as though external forces are controlling all the information they receive, withholding some that might be vital and...

  • Naval Technology Development Must Change
    By David H. Lewis

    Naval technology development processes were tuned finely over the past 170 years to deliver increasingly effective weapons to meet clearly defined, threat-based technology requirements. Now they must change focus. Successful technology...

  • Understanding What Victory Is
    By General Anthony Zinni, USMC (Ret.)

    I was really taken by the title of the forum this year [How Do We Overhaul the Nation's Defense to Win the Next War?], especially the part that says, "Win the Next War." Why are we asking that question? I say it is because we tend...

  • Rethinking the Principles of War
    By Rear Admiral John G. Morgan, U.S. Navy, Dr. Anthony D. McIvor, and the Secretary of the Navy’s Action Team

    The lessons to be learned from Operation Iraqi Freedom still are in the formative stage. It is not too early, however, to begin to examine the military principles that influenced U.S. and British war plans in Iraq. Our leaders at the highest...

  • Don't Ignore Sea Control
    By Commander Jon Patch, U.S. Navy

    Maritime theorists are urging fleet transformation based on the needs of today while ignoring the more dangerous sea-control threats of tomorrow’s potential adversaries. Sea-control missions should not be ignored.

  • Expeditionary Strike Group Becomes Reality
    By Captain Howard Petrea, U.S. Navy (Ret.), Captain Terry Pierce, U.S. Navy and Lieutenant Colonel Rick Jackson, U.S. Marine Corps

    This year has seen tremendous progress for a key component of “Sea Power 21.” Amphibious and surface warfare ships, submarines, and Marines are coming together to create the expeditionary strike group. A springtime test of this...

  • Expeditionary Strike Group 8 at Sea
  • Support the Harrier Transformation
    By Captain Mark Elfers, U.S. Marine Corps

    A new targeting pod is transforming the Harrier community. Continued support will ensure that Marines on the ground reap the benefits of this increased capability.

  • Coherent Joint Warfare Is Our Silver Bullet
    By Major Michael R. Lwin, U.S. Army

    Armed Forces Joint Warfighting Essay Contest, 2nd Prize Winner

    In the beginning, joint warfare was simply getting the services to work together. Now, in the aftermath of Operation Iraqi Freedom, joint warfare has become...

  • Forward with Fundamentals
    By Captain Brian Hayes, U.S. Army

    Armed Forces Joint Warfighting Essay Contest, 3rd Prize Winner

    The services do not need to "transform" to become better joint war fighters. They must work together more closely on the sound fundamental skills that...

  • Nobody Asked Me, But ... Don't Get Complacent about Insurgency in Iraq
    By Commander B.L. Gravatt, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    Having had some exposure to insurgency and counterinsurgency (a couple of anti-infiltration tours off South Vietnam and a tour in country), it seems to me the United States is in the early stages of such warfare in Iraq. Using one categorization...

  • One War, One Team, One Fight: Interview with Gordon R. England

    The Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security spoke recently with Gordon I. Peterson—on assignment for the Naval Institute—in Washington, D.C., the week after President George W. Bush nominated him to serve a second time as Secretary...

  • Nobody Asked Me, But ... TV War Coverage in Iraq Could Have Been Better
    By Lieutenant Commander Daniel B. Sheehan, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    As a retired naval aviator with a son in the Marine Corps flying Cobras in Iraq, I followed the television news of the war intently. With regard to analysis of that coverage, there seems to be a self-congratulatory tone in both military and media...

  • Get Serious about Tactical Information Ops
    By Lieutenant Commander Mitch Houchin, U.S. Navy

    The Navy gives tactical information operations short shrift, in part because IO is relatively new. To incorporate IO as a warfighting discipline will require creating an information warfare specialty for officers and enlisted personnel....

  • An Alternative Vision of Sea Power 21
    By Lieutenant Commander Jon R. Olson, U.S. Navy

    The Navy’s new vision for the future is a bold attempt to make the service an effective fighting force without peer for years to come. Many of its ideas, however, simply repackage the tried-and-true platforms of the last half century....

  • Damn the Torpedoes: They're Useless against Smallpox
    By Rear Admiral Donald C. Arthur, Medical Corps, U.S. Navy

    Against new enemies whose arsenals include catastrophic medical threats, Navy Medicine is a critical defensive weapon.

    If you cannot see, you cannot fight. If you cannot stand, you cannot fight. If you cannot breathe, you cannot...

  • What Did Navy Medicine Learn from the 2001 Attacks?
    By Vice Admiral Michael L. Cowan, Medical Corps, U.S. Navy

    Since the 11 September and 15 October 2001 attacks on the U.S. homeland, Americans have faced a new era of security threats from asymmetric warfare and terrorism. As a result, defense of the nation is changing dramatically. In particular, the...

  • Breaching the Bar-Lev Line
    By Captain Keith F. Kopets, U.S. Marine Corps

    In the October War 30 year ago, Israel was fighting “the war before,” while Egypt was fighting a combined-arms “war-after-next.” Egyptian forces breached the Bar-Lev Line once thought an impenetrable 110-mile barrier...

  • A Big Navy Needs Little Ships
    By Lieutenant Richard D. Butler, U.S. Navy

    Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) will have a great influence on how future wars will be fought by the United States and its allies. The ability to quickly muster a maritime force for missions in the littorals will be key to continuing the global war...

  • Air Force-Navy Teams Combat Info Overload
    By Lieutenant Colonel David M. Branham, U.S. Air Force Reserve

    Following World War II, General of the Army Omar Bradley noted how he handled decision making in the midst of chaos and overwhelming reports: "You collect information, little bits of it, and it goes into your brain like feeding information...

  • High-Quality Simulation Improves Strike Group Training
    By Rear Admiral Mark Edwards, Captain Charles Martoglio, and Commander John Neagley, U.S. Navy

    The USS Nimitz (CVN-68) Strike Group (SG) is operating in the Gulf of Orange. The threat warning condition is white and weapon status is hold; tensions are escalating. Political talks over threatened closure of the international...

  • Coast Guard Focuses on NY Port Security
    By Lieutenant Commander Martha J. LaGuardia, U.S. Coast Guard Reserve

    The 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks created many new challenges for the Coast Guard in the port of New York. As a result, New York has become the role model for other metropolitan ports in the Coast Guard's development and execution of...

  • Book Reviews

    Armed Servants: Agency, Oversight and Civil-Military Relations

    Peter D. Feaver. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003. 381 pp. Charts. Bib. Index. $49.95.

    Reviewed by Lieutenant Colonel Frank G. Hoffman...

  • U.S. Navy: American Spy Ships
    By Norman Polmar

    Almost from the start of the Cold War in 1945 the United States employed surface ships and submarines with special equipment and personnel embarked to collect intelligence against the Soviet Union and China. It subsequently expanded its...

  • Combat Fleets
    by A. D. Baker III

    Although this rendering of the planned 70,000-ton (full-load displacement) British Royal Navy aircraft carrier is officially current, BAE Systems informed the Ministry of Defence in July that expected cost for the two ships had risen from $2.8...

  • Oceans: Graham Hawkes Flies in the Sea in His Amazing Underwater Craft
    By Don Walsh

    Inventor Graham Hawkes's professional career began in Britain in the mid-1970s, when he developed the one-man submersibles Wasp and Mantis for the offshore oil and gas industry. In 1981, he moved to the United States and...

  • Points of Interest: Navy Isn't Square with Spares
    By Tom Philpott

    Navy ships deploy with large inventories of spare parts, but because of poor record keeping, they lack about half the parts needed to maintain and repair onboard equipment and weapon systems, say congressional auditors.

    The General...

  • Naval Institute Foundation

    Thanks to Our Current (and Future) Supporters

    Recent gifts from the Ahmanson Foundation of Los Angeles are enabling the Naval Institute to upgrade its technological capabilities. Robert H. Ahmanson has been a Naval...

  • Lest We Forget: William B. Cushing; Terrell County
    By Lieutenant Commander Thomas J. Cutler, USN (Ret.), and Eric Wertheim

    William B. Cushing

    The Confederate ironclad Albemarle was 122-feet long, built of solid ten-inch thick Southern pine encased in railroad-track armor four inches thick, and was armed with two 100-pound rifled guns mounted...

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