Proceedings Magazine - March 2003 Vol. 129/3/1,201

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Cover Story

Much has been published and said about the need for change-and transformation. In last month's Proceedings and at our symposium in San Diego in January, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff...



  • The Samaritan, the Guardian, and the Activists

    In 1973, shortly after the United States and North Vietnam signed the Paris Peace Accords that ended U.S. participation in the Vietnam War, 591 U.S. prisoners of war began coming home. Some of them had endured more than seven years of...

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  • Publisher's Page
    By Tom Marfiak

    Much has been published and said about the need for change-and transformation. In last month's Proceedings and at our symposium in San Diego in January, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard Myers asserted that the most...

  • Comment and Discussion

    "Expand Education for Sailors"

    (See J. Murphy, pp. 57-59, February 2003 Proceedings)

  • China's Subs Lead the Way
    By Dr. Lyle Goldstein and Lieutenant Commander Bill Murray, USN

    China's maritime strategy relies heavily on submarines to patrol the littorals, blockade the Taiwan Strait, and stalk aircraft carriers. The U.S. Navy should not underestimate China's ability to build a capable...

  • The New Arab Way of War
    By Captain Peter Layton, Royal Australian Air Force

    The first great struggles between the Middle East and Europe to be recorded fully were the campaigns of Salamis and Plataea in 480-479 B.C. The Greeks triumphed, and for the next several hundred years Western civilization slowly advanced east. In...

  • Bin Laden's Faith Is a Pretext for Violence
    By Lieutenant Michael Tomlinson, USNR

    How did Osama bin Laden, who during the Soviet-Afghan war viewed the United States as a friend of Islam, become America’s most vehement enemy?

    One of an estimated 52 children of a Yemen-born Saudi construction magnate, he...

  • Expeditionary Strike Group!
    By Captain Kendall King and Commander Tom Holmes, USN (Ret.)

    It is the wave of the future. The mating of submarines and surface combatants to traditional amphibious ready groups will result in a new creation, capable of defending itself, landing forces on the beach, and striking targets...

  • Coast Guard Leads Maritime Homeland Security Team
    By Captain Larry Mizell and Lieutenant Commander Joe DiRenzo III, USCG

    The new Department of Homeland Security will bring the Customs Service, Border Patrol, and U.S. Coast Guard under one roof. For efficient and agile response, logic dictates that one agency take tactical and operational control of all things...

  • Interview with Victor Davis Hanson: 'We're Removing Saddam Hussein'

    Placed by some in the same category with military historian John Keegan, Victor Davis Hanson is considered one of the most thought-provoking commentators on military strategy today. The author of several books, including An...

  • Is Manned Space Flight Worth It?
    By Captain John Byron, USN (Ret.)

    The space shuttle Columbia suffered catastrophic failure on her return from orbit on 1 February, killing all aboard. Retired Navy Admiral Hal Gehman heads the investigation to determine what happened. It is likely he and his team will...

  • 100 Octane
    By James R. Swank

    Our Veterans of Foreign Wars post commander served as a gunner's mate on board a coastal tanker classed as an AOG, or gasoline tanker, during World War II. Asked what type of guns he manned, James O. Shaw replied, "fire axes." If an...

  • UNITAS Exercise Pays Dividends
    By Scott Livezey and William Prillaman

    The US Navy's longest-running annual multilateral exercise, UNITAS—which means "unity" in Latin—has been building ties with more than 12 Latin American navies since 1959. But the exercise has come under fire recently....

  • World Naval Developments: Dealing with Friendly Fire
    By Norman Friedman

    Two U.S. Air National Guard F-16 pilots face disciplinary action after mistakenly bombing Canadian troops in Afghanistan in April 2002, killing 4 and wounding 12. The incident may carry important implications for U.S. choices of tactical air...

  • International Navies Photo Contest
  • The Commanders Respond

    Because of cost, risks to personnel, and other issues, unmanned vehicles increasingly are becoming important systems in the world’s militaries. This year, the Naval Institute asked the commanders of the world’s navies: "What...

  • Always Faithful
    By Colleen M. Lowe

    Semper Fidelis—"Always Faithful"—is the motto of the U.S. Marine Corps, and they are words to live by if you are one of the few and the proud. Growing up surrounded by these icons can create memories that last a lifetime....

  • World Navies in Review
    By A. D. Baker III

    Although the trend toward downsizing the world's navies that began with the fall of the Soviet Union shows little sign of abating, new warships entering service at the beginning of the 21st century have a remarkable number of innovations that...

  • The Israelis Know Littoral Warfare
    By Captain Opher Doron, Israel Navy (Ret.)

    Littoral warfare is a relatively new term, coined to denote the move from blue-water, usually major, naval operations, to those taking place in coastal regions. That sounds straightforward, until you ask what it means to doctrine, requirements,...

  • Israel's Navy Gets New Strategic Deterrence Role
    By Colonel David Eshel, Israel Defense Forces (Ret.)

    Israel is almost totally dependent on its sea lanes for its national economy, and safeguarding these against hostile attack is of vital strategic interest. Given the nation’s geographical environment and past experience, there are three...

  • The International Criminal Court: A Return to Nuremberg?
    By Commander Stephen F. Davis Jr., U.S. Navy

    Will the new International Criminal Court mean a return to harsh and politically motivated victors’ justice? The United States has disassociated itself from the creature it helped create, but this court is one animal that will not go...

  • A U.N. Treaty We All Can Support
    By Captain George Galdorisi, USN (Ret.)

    More than eight years after the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea was ratified, the United States still is not a party to the most widely endorsed international treaty ever negotiated. As nations and navies become increasingly...

  • Anaconda Offers Lessons in Close Air Support
    By Major Charles D. Dusch Jr., USAF

    The F-15E excels at strategic attack, but it has flown counter-air combat air patrols and interdiction missions, and during Operation Anaconda in Afghanistan, it also provided precision close air support. This multirole flexibility—...

  • What We Did (Not) Learn from Korea
    By Major Charles D. Dusch Jr., U.S. Air Force

    At the dawn of the Cold War, U.S. forces faced a new type of global warfare while engaged conventionally in Korea. Resources were limited, commitments growing, and strategic attack was on the rise as the cornerstone of U.S. security strategy....

  • A New Navy for a New World
    By Captain John Byron, USN (Ret.)

    The world has changed. Sea control is out. Power projection is in. our future fleet must make the transition to sea-based land warfare—and cheaper ship alternatives—if it is to remain relevant.

  • Hell Week 101
    By Lieutenant Commander Dick Hoffmann, U.S. Navy

    These Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL trainees are learning teamwork under pressure during Hell Week. SEAL training may appear brutish, but it frees students to explore creative ways of solving problems and to develop cognitive skills in...

  • Shiphandling Training? Ask Your JOs
    By Commander Craig Faller, U.S. Navy

    Shiphandling is fun, exciting, and challenging. It is the heart of surface warfare and our naval culture. The sense of accomplishment gained from driving ships and smartly executing maneuvers is a positive motivator among junior officers. Because...

  • Navy-Marine Corps TacAir Integration Is the Future
    By Commander Donald R. Bouchoux, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    In March 2002, the results of a study that transformed Navy and Marine Corps tactical aviation were briefed to successive levels of leadership in the Department of the Navy and Department of Defense (DoD). The study was the culmination of an...

  • A Quick Look at Millrnnium Challenge 2002
    By General William F. Kernan, U.S. Army (Retired)

    Since 1999, U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCom) has been responsible for joint integration, experimentation, and training. It exercises combatant command over the bulk of U.S. general purpose forces and is the prime joint force provider to the...

  • Wing in Ground Effect Vessels Are Fast Sealift
    By Daniel Jacobs

    Since the end of World War II, U.S. military services have faced a logistical problem in terms of strategic sealift capabilities. The United States has worldwide treaty obligations that range from Europe to East Asia to the Persian Gulf. But the...

  • Ships Reactivated to Carry Military Cargo to the Middle East
    Compiled by Samuel Loring Morison
  • Book Reviews

    The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq

    Kenneth M. Pollack. New York: Random House, 2002. 494 pp. Bib. Index. $25.95.

    Unfinished Business: Afghanistan, the Middle East and Beyond-Defusing the...

  • Naval Systems: Raytheon-Lockheed Martin Team for New Block 2 CEC
    By Edward J. Walsh

    In early February, Raytheon and Lockheed Martin announced they will join to pursue a Navy program to develop a Block 2 Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) program, uniting the Navy's preeminent surface-warfare systems integrators.


  • Points of Interest: President Kills Pay Raise Cap
    By Tom Philpott

    Weeks before unveiling his 2004 budget request, President George W. Bush taught his top budget advisor a lesson about timing: on the brink of war, do not unveil plans to cap future military pay raises.

    President Bush rejected a plan by...

  • Nobody Asked Me, But ... Virtual Reality Will Never Replace Live-Fire Training
    By Commander John W. Winkler, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    Recent innovations in virtual reality technology have improved significantly the "realness" of military warfare training. With virtual reality, students and trainees can experience a realistic environment that might not be available to...

  • Lest We Forget: Air Antisubmarine Squadron 28 (VS-28)
    By Lieutenant Commander Rick Burgess, USN (Ret.)

    Air Antisubmarine Squadron 28 (VS-28) was established on 1 June 1960 at NAS Quonset Point, Rhode Island. The new squadron, known as the Hukkers, was formed from a segment split off from VS-31 and equipped with...

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