Lying at the northeast edge of the Caribbean Sea, Hispaniola is home to two very different nations—the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Today, the Dominican Republic prospers, with more than 35 years of relative political stability and a sound economy. Haiti, in contrast, struggles with internal political strife, economic stagnation, and social unrest.
These differences are remarkable not only because of the geographic proximity of these two nations but also because of their recent histories. In the past, the United States has intervened in the internal affairs of both, using diplomatic and military efforts to protect U.S. citizens, restore civil order, and preserve democratic governments. Most military scholars consider both interventions as successful military peace operations.
These two operations share many characteristics that, with examination, can lead to a better understanding of the application of doctrine for military operations other than war (MOOTW) and the planning for and execution of the complex military operations associated with peacekeeping and peace enforcement.