As nations place greater value on the oceans, naval forces will be called on to defend and hold fixed assets such as oil platforms in known areas, much like armies in land warfare.
The focus of the maritime strategist, particularly since the end of the Cold War, has been on the projection of power from the sea. This primarily has been driven by the U.S. Navy and its vision papers, ". . . From the Sea" and "Forward . . . from the Sea." These documents do not ignore the requirement first to control the sea from which one wishes to project power, but they do focus attention on what is going to be done once sea control is gained rather than how it is to be gained in the first place. Elsewhere, debate flowing from these papers has focused on whether other smaller navies can have a similar focus, especially when they are operating unilaterally or outside a U.S. Navy-based task force. From the perspective of the last century, some have argued that the projection of power from the sea and littoral warfare have been the norm rather than the exception.