Submarines: All Ahead—Very, Very Slowly
Submarine construction continues in Russia—but at a snail's pace. Russian shipyards, which during the Cold War produced more submarines than the rest of the world combined, now are struggling to maintain any production. Indeed, a Kiloclass diesel-electric submarine built for China at the Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg (Leningrad) appears to be the only undersea craft launched in Russia this year. Other projects at the sprawling Admiralty Shipyard, as well as at the two other surviving Russian submarine yards, are almost at a standstill.
Severodvinsk: Now known as Sevmash, this is the largest submarine yard in the world, located on Russia's White Sea coast. Its three large building structures are reported to contain portions of seven unfinished submarines:
- 1 SSBN Yuri Dolgorukiy (Borey class)
- 2 SSGN Oscar II class
- 1 SSN Severodvinsk
- 2 SSN Akula II class
The Yuri Dolgorukiy and Severodvinsk, laid down on 2 November 1996 and 21 December 1993, respectively, were to be the lead ships of new submarine classes.