Soviet—and now Russian—Bureau “Malachite” has designed submarines for 50 years, starting with Project 617 and including Project 627, the first Russian nuclear-powered submarine.
The biography of each design bureau is expressed in projects—those that were realized and those that have remained only in designer's sketches. The St. Petersburg Marine Engineering Bureau (SPMBM) "Malachite" has accomplished projects throughout several generations of Russia's multipurpose nuclear underwater fleet.
The history of SPMBM Malachite begins in March 1948, when Special Design Bureau 143 (SDB-143) was organized in Leningrad. The personnel of the Bureau have included engineers with experience in other design bureaus and graduates of educational institutes. The Bureau's mission has been to create—quickly—high-speed submarines with new types of power installations. Development of antisubmarine forces, equipped with radar tracking systems, determined the development of underwater shipbuilding in the 1950s and enabled the conversion of submarines into durable and speedy underwater ships.