Proceedings Magazine - August 1996 Volume 122/8/1,122

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What follows is not easily told. I have not shared this "sea story" even with my wife until now.



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  • A Sea Story Not Easily Told
    By Tom Cutler

    What follows is not easily told. I have not shared this "sea story" even with my wife until now.

  • Fighting the Beast
    By Commander Kaj Toft Madsen, Royal Danish Navy

    Western knowledge of nonnuclear-powered submarines—growing in capability and desirability among Third World nations—is limited. Some insight into diesel sub operations and tactics might help Western navies in potential...

  • The Cult of Captivity
    By Lieutenant Colonel Elliott Gruner, U.S. Army

    No one begrudges a freed captive a rousing welcome home—here, Chief Warrant Officer Bobby Hall after his release from North Korea—but the unfortunate paradox of this media attention is that the more vigorous it is, the more likely...

  • Bomber Debates
    By Lieutenant Colonel Gene Myers, U.S. Air Force (Retired)

    The country needs all elements of air power—land-based, carrier, and long-range—to carry out the power-projection mission, but if force trade-offs become necessary, purchasing more B-2s should take priority over a...

  • Carriers Are Forward Presence
    By Captain Robert F. Johnson, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    Forward presence demonstrates U.S. commitment, strengthens deterrence, and facilitates transition from peace to war. . . . Because of their limited footprint, strategic agility, calculated ambiguity of intent, and major strategic and operational...

  • The Changing of the Guard
    By Commander W. Russell Webster, U.S. Coast Guard

    In high demand as a teacher and role model for emerging-nation navies, the U.S. Coast Guard also is working with the former Soviet Union’s KGB Maritime Border Guards as it transitions to a more multimission organization....

  • The New War Plan Orange
    By Lieutenant Commander Scott Allen, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    Force reductions have weakened the U.S. military’s role as a stabilizing influence in the Western Pacific. Asian leaders see—and plan to fill—the power vacuum. This instability conceivably could turn Japan’s fiery H-II...

  • Do Photos Lie?
    By Dennis Brack

    Manipulation of the image in combat photography is nothing new, but in this age of digitized imagery and computer enhancements, the temptation to play with reality has never been greater.

  • Surprises Uncovered in Hunley Probe
    By Dan Lenihan

    In 1995 divers from the National Underwater and Marine Agency (NUMA)—headed by novelist Clive Cussler (see July-August 1995 Naval History, page 20) and operating in cooperation with the South Carolina Institute of Anthropology and...

  • Military Medicine Must Evolve
    By Rear Admiral William R. Rowley, Medical Corps, U.S. Navy

    The major components of medical readiness are timeless: keeping our military personnel healthy in peace and war. Other aspects, however, are more flexible. If we begin to think outside the box today, we can start to shape the future we desire...

  • Nobody Asked Me, But…Fitness Reports and Morale in Naval Aviation
    By Commander Joseph A. Gattuso, Jr., U.S. Navy

    Morale is low in naval aviation. The basic reason for this is the broken tool we use to select and promote our leadership—the fitness report.

    Many naval aviators write their own fitness reports. They do not submit...

  • Nobody Asked Me, But…The Reason I Wear One Row of Ribbons...
    By Lieutenant Commander Peter Troedsson, U.S. Coast Guard

    It is not because I’m ungrateful for my service’s efforts to recognize its people, or that I am not proud of being a U.S. Coast Guard officer. I wear only one row of ribbons because our awards system is being abused. The...

  • Professional Notes

    The New Inchon Goes to Sea

    By Captain David M. Crocker, U.S. Navy

    The USS Inchon (MCS-12)—the Navy’s new Mine Countermeasures Support ship—...

  • Leadership Forum: Adapt or Die
    By Commander Stephen D. Swazee, U.S. Naval Reserve

    At the turn of the century, then-Lieutenant William Sowden Sims—pictured here in 1919 with Rear Admiral Victor Blue (left), and Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt (right)—saw the tremendous advantages of...

  • Book Reviews & Books of Interest

    Once Upon a Distant War

    William Prochnau. New York, NY: Times Books, 1995. 546 pp. Bib. Ind. Photos. $27.50 ($24.75).

    Reviewed by Colonel Harry G. Summers, Jr., U.S. Army (Retired)

    One of the many anomalies of the...

  • The U. S. Navy: New Approach to Submarines
    By Norman Polmar, Author, The Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet

    Development of the New Attack Submarine (NSSN) is moving rapidly, promising to provide the U.S. Navy with a highly versatile undersea craft. The submarine community and Congress remain divided, however, on the ultimate size and shape...

  • Sea Dog Quiz #2
    By John R. Stewart

    Test your sea legs with this naval and nautical quiz, and check your answers on page 95. If you miss ten or fewer, you are a real sea dog. If you miss more than ten—well, maybe you’re still a pup.

    1. Only two...

  • Points of Interest: Maintaining Morale in Bosnia
    By Tom Philpott

    “I don’t know if this thing is going work,” says Army Captain Kirk Sessin, looking out on a sun-drenched valley near Glamoc, 100 miles southwest of Tuzla, Bosnia. A self-described “troop guy” rather than...

  • World Naval Developments: Work Smarter, Hit Harder
    By Norman Friedman

    A new book on the events that led to the Pacific War illuminates the most likely future U.S. foreign policy.1 Its author argues that resource issues triggered the 1941 crisis. That is a new idea; it usually is argued that U.S. motives...

  • Combat Fleets
    By A. D. Baker III, Editor, Combat Fleets of the World

    The Sultanate of Oman’s corvette Qaliir al Amwaj, seen in May undergoing training at Portsmouth, England, was delivered on 19 March 1996. Ordered in 1992 from Vosper Thornycroft, the 1,415-ton (full load), 31-knot corvette and her sister...

  • Lest We Forget
    By Lieutenant Commander Rick Burgess, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    Attack Squadron 165 (VA-165) was established at Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Florida, on 1 September 1960 as part of Carrier Air Group 16. Equipped with AD-6/7 (A-1H/J) propeller-driven attack aircraft, the Boomers made two deployments to the...

  • Notebook
  • Comment & Discussion

    “The Navy’s Pressure Cooker”

    See T. Philpott, pp. 50-55, May 1996; P.H Sayles, p. 16, July 1996 Proceedings)

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  • Deterrence: Then and Now
    By Commander Alan Zimm, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    The threat of countermeasures worked when the United States faced off with the Soviets—top, Soviet Premier Nikita Krushchev—and nuclear destruction was the risk. But in a multipolar world, where regional conflicts...

  • Tomorrow's Fleet—Part II
    By Scott C. Truver

    Co-ed from the keel up, the new USS Benfold (DDG-65) is one of the latest of a proposed 57 Aegis destroyers to join the fleet. Also on the front burner is an arsenal ship and the new-age amphibious transport dock, the LPD-17....

  • Surfacing Hunley
    By Commander George Cornelius, U.S. Navy (Retired)

    In 1864, the Confederate States submarine H. L. Hunley rammed the USS Housatonic with a sparborne torpedo. But the Hunleys fate and the story of the man for which she was...


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