This html article is produced from an uncorrected text file through optical character recognition. Prior to 1940 articles all text has been corrected, but from 1940 to the present most still remain uncorrected. Artifacts of the scans are misspellings, out-of-context footnotes and sidebars, and other inconsistencies. Adjacent to each text file is a PDF of the article, which accurately and fully conveys the content as it appeared in the issue. The uncorrected text files have been included to enhance the searchability of our content, on our site and in search engines, for our membership, the research community and media organizations. We are working now to provide clean text files for the entire collection.
The seaplanes and destroyers of today’s Japanese “navy” are not all that dissimilar in form and function from their World War II counterparts. Far different, however, is the political climate. The desire to avoid ivar is so pervasive that the crewmen of these ships and planes are legally considered civilians.