This html article is produced from an uncorrected text file through optical character recognition. Prior to 1940 articles all text has been corrected, but from 1940 to the present most still remain uncorrected. Artifacts of the scans are misspellings, out-of-context footnotes and sidebars, and other inconsistencies. Adjacent to each text file is a PDF of the article, which accurately and fully conveys the content as it appeared in the issue. The uncorrected text files have been included to enhance the searchability of our content, on our site and in search engines, for our membership, the research community and media organizations. We are working now to provide clean text files for the entire collection.
The Naval Academy was founded in 1845, but the telephone was not invented until 31 years later in 1876.
In all probability the telephone was not in general use at the Naval Academy until just a few years before the Spanish-American War in 1898. Based on today’s dependence upon the telephone, there is great wonderment as to how the Academy succeeded so well during its first half century without one!