Containerization and the Ports: The Load Center Concept
By Lieutenant (j.g.) Sidney W. Emery, Jr., U. S. Navy
With the advent of full container vessels, those ships built with cellular holds to accommodate containerized cargo, there has come a rude awakening to port authorities all over the world. Once the virtual dictators of the shore-side movement of seagoing liners, many ports now find themselves forced into legal action or grandiose economic overtures to the major containership operators in order to secure services to that port. For purely economic reasons, major containership service by the liner companies has proved a boon to centrally located ports, while at the same time cutting deeply into the traffic and hence the profits of the less-centrally located harbors.