The art and science of naval warfare have always faithfully mirrored man’s technological development. The evolution of sails, gunpowder, steam, and steel made great changes in the way nations controlled the seas. In our day, aviation, electronics, and nuclear energy have radically altered the naval profession. Now there are clear signs of a new, rapidly-developing, scientific and technical revolution which will have a strong impact on the manner in which seapower is disposed in the 1970s and beyond. It is important for the security of the nation that we understand the nature of this impending revolution in naval warfare which can be called total ocean surveillance.
Ocean Surveillance: New Weapon of Naval Warfare
By Capt. Frank B. Murphy, USN (Ret.)