The impact of the destruction of 78,000 lives in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and of 35,000 at Nagasaki three days later will continue to affect all aspects of international relations during the indefinite future: political, military, legal, religious, and humanitarian. In particular, there has developed, and not necessarily to a highly refined degree, the idea of strategic nuclear warfare. From the very beginning there is a problem of definition. It is unfortunate that some term other than “strategic” has not been used to describe this type of warfare since most kinds of warfare are, in some sense, strategic. Webster defines strategic in one sense which is currently in vogue and is used here to mean warfare “designed. . . specifically for devastating bases and industrial centers and wrecking communications to the rear of enemy lines. . . ”
1. The Russian Navy has developed something similar to this discarded option with the "Strela" surface-to-surface missile deployed on the Krupnyy and Kadin class DDGs and with the longer range "Shaddock" found on the Kresta and Kynda DLGs. Surprisingly the U. S. Navy has not developed an anti-ship cruise missile. There is good reason for this. The anti-ship cruise missile is, after all, an unmanned suicide aircraft. The U. S. with its manned high performance attack planes and accurate bomb delivery systems chose not to go this way. The Soviet antiship cruise missile force is in essence a substitute for sea based tactical aircraft. It remains to be seen if the development of a strong Russian surface fleet will force modification of this old decision.
2. Submerged displacement is the best measure of the size of a submarine. The difference between the submerged and surfaced displacement is the amount of ballast water necessary to take on in order to submerge. This ballast is outside the pressure hull but is included in submerged displacement.