The advent of atomic weapons has not modified Communist ideology which emphasizes the inevitability of world revolution and the ultimate collapse of capitalism. Despite talk of “peaceful coexistence,” a state of war, whether open or disguised, is, in Kremlin theory, the inevitable relation between the USSR and the Free World. Communist leaders consider conflict with the Western world and ultimately the United States to be inevitable. Nothing short of world domination, therefore, can be their necessary objectives.
The new dimensions to strategy which atomic weapons introduced, however, have forced the Kremlin to review its own program of aggression. This review has long been completed. The basic Soviet program and strategy remain. Lenin’s teachings on this point have never been disregarded: “In order not to get lost in the periods of retirement, retreat, or temporary defeat, or when history, or the enemy, throws us back—in my opinion, the important and only theoretically correct thing is not to cast out the old basic program.”