Promotion amongst the line officer personnel in the military and naval services of the major world powers is either by seniority or by some selective process. That there are certain inherent advantages in the selective system would seem to be evidenced by the fact that the navies of Great Britain, Japan, Germany, Italy, France, and the United States all use it; but, inasmuch as 85 per cent of the line officers in the United States Navy have been first commissioned since the change in our Navy was made from the seniority to the selective system, it seems a reasonable assumption that the reasons behind the change have been lost sight of.
Promotion Systems—Past, Present, and Future
By Commander George C. Dyer, U. S. Navy
Basic principle.—The fundamental principle that officers exist for the Navy and not the Navy for the officers is often temporarily forgotten or purposely relegated to the background in the welter of discussion concerning the promotion of officers. Consequently, it is restated at the beginning of this article that it may bite in like an old-fashioned anchor and hold the discussion within the area covered by that principle.