The broad technical aspects of the Spanish War have been covered too often and too well for any further elaboration. It is the lessons applicable to officers from battalion commander down with which I intend to deal here. There are valuable lessons to be drawn from this conflict—lessons which any other army forged hastily under fire will encounter. It is not improbable that our own officers would face similar difficulties if we were suddenly forced to expand our forces for a major war. The problems facing individual commanders in the field would be very much the same.
For a year and a half, I served as Captain of Spanish Loyalist Infantry, through nearly every major engagement and in every type of combat from trench warfare and street fighting to open warfare and guerrilla attacks. If my experiences and observations are of value to the officers and men of our armed services, I feel it a duty as a former officer in the U. S. Marine Corps to set down these various examples.