International Law and the Submarine
(See page 1213, September, 1935, Proceedings)
Lieutenant Commander H. A. Gosnell, U. S. Naval Reserve.—Unless I have seriously misread the article I gather that two of the main points are as follows: (1) the submarine is not entitled to any extra privileges because of its vulnerability or other inherent weak ness; and (2) in the World War (and since), on account of the great increase of the number of submarines, there are now a great many men-of-war that are weaker in some respects than adequately armed merchantmen. The conclusion from (2) is that “changed conditions” now exist which indicate the desirability of changing the law regarding the arming of merchant vessels.
It has been a failure to appreciate number (1) above that has led to so much cloudy thinking on this whole matter— inspired in great part of course by the German apologists. Even Secretary Lansing was close to the brink of confusion on this point if not all the way into the hole, during the period when he was arguing against the arming of merchantmen.