Introduction.—Almost forgotten now in these days of Anglo-Saxon and Japanese domination of the Pacific is that long before these peoples obtained a prominent place in the world's affairs there existed a trade across that ocean of which, considering its centuries of existence and the richness of its cargoes, there are few counterparts in history. Our historical interest has been focused on Europe and on the Atlantic seaboard and we are apt to forget that a highly developed European civilization in Mexico quickly followed the downfall of the Aztec culture before the infinitesimal army and bursting enthusiasm of Cortez. This civilization spread to the Philippines and the city of Manila reached the zenith of its prosperity before the first colonist landed on the shores of Virginia. The Philippines were colonized from Mexico, or New Spain as it was then called in 1564, and these islands remained little more than an outlying province of that country until Mexico declared her independence from Spain in 1821.
The Manila Galleons
By Lieutenant John D. Hayes, U. S. Navy