From February 3 to March 3
AMERICAN POLICY IN FAR EAST
Secretary Stimson’s Letter.—Secretary Stimson’s letter of February 24, addressed to Senator Borah as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, is here given in full as a notable review of American policy in the Far East and a restatement of our interests and treaty rights. Briefly it points out that the Nine- Power Treaty of 1922 established the “open door” and China’s territorial and administrative integrity; that the American surrender of naval superiority and fortification rights in 1922 was “predicated upon, among other things, the self-denying covenants” of this treaty; and that a condition has developed in China which cannot be reconciled with either this treaty or the Pact of Paris. The text follows:
My Dear Senator Borah:
You have asked my opinion whether, as has been sometimes recently suggested, present conditions in China have in any way indicated that the so-called Nine-Power Treaty has become inapplicable or ineffective or rightly in need of modification, and, if so, what I considered should be the policy of this government.