The result of recent technical progress has been the production of numerous specialized types of ships, such as fleet submarines, large cruisers, mine layers, and aircraft carriers. There has been marked expansion of air activities. These developments have increased the demand for specialization on the part of the Navy’s personnel. The size of the field covered by the Navy’s material makes it impossible for officers to be experts in all the different branches. Consequently they are becoming specialized in the types of ships on which the exigencies of the service have permitted them to serve. Having become specialists in one particular field their specific knowledge of the rest of the Navy must suffer in comparison. Aviation, in particular, has become such a highly specialized branch of the service that very few officers outside of the actual flying personnel have had the opportunity to make intimate contact with the material and with the operating side of this arm.
By Lieutenant Harold M. Martin, U. S. Navy