NOVEMBER 15 TO DECEMBER 15
TREATY DEFEATED IN SENATE
On November 19 the Treaty of Peace with Germany failed of ratification in the Senate and the Senate adjourned until December 3. On the question of ratification with the Lodge reservations, the first vote was 39 to 55; and after motion to reconsider, 41 to 50; the third and final vote, on ratification with no reservations whatever, was 38 for to 53 against, the majority on this last motion consisting of 46 Republicans and 7 Democrats.
On the same date Senator Lodge introduced a resolution declaring war with Germany at an end. This was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations and has not since come up. On December 5 Senator Hitchcock stated that it was the President's intention to make at present no further move regarding the Treaty, regarding the responsibility as “shifted from his shoulders.” On December 13 Senator Knox proposed two resolutions, one for ratification of the Peace Treaty without the League Covenant, and the other declaring peace with Germany subject to the President’s approval and signature.