The Lesson [i]
The great military lesson of the present war is the lesson of munitions. The failure of treaty and fort, the increasing effectiveness of great gun and machine gun, the menace of battle cruiser, submarine, and aeroplane, the value of trenches and command of the seas—these, too, are lessons of far-reaching importance, hut the greatest is that of munitions.
There has come about a change in the relative importance of the various factors concerned in the prosecution of war, a change not yet wholly realized by those most intimately and vitally concerned. Formerly, it was largely a question of generalship, or numbers and morale of troops, that determined the victory. Now, surely it is no disparagement to the skill of the strategist, to the vigilance of the tactician, or to the valor of the soldier in the ranks, to say that victory will rest with that side which can maintain the combat most vigorously and for the longest time.