Policy.—The Century Dictionary defines "Policy" as an object or course of conduct, or the principle or body of principles to be observed in conduct; specifically, the system of measures or the line of conduct which a ruler, minister, government or party adopts and pursues as best for the interests of the country.
There are various kinds of policies, but this discussion is limited to National Policy. National policies are divided into two general classes: (a) Foreign or External, (b) Domestic or Internal.
The latter, domestic or internal policies, are in the domain of politics—the conflicts between party policies which are settled at the polls by the votes of the citizens of the various states and with which the military service has nothing to do.
1AUTHOR'S NOTE.—This paper is largely made up of extracts from the following:
Jomini: Art of War.
Clausewitz: On War.
Wilkinson: War and Policy.
Hill: Co-ordination Before and During War.
Roberts: Fallacies and Facts.
Taylor: History of International Law.
Murray: The Future Peace of the Anglo-Saxon.