*Lecture delivered at the Summer Conference, 1913, U. S. Naval War College, Newport, R. I.
It needs no argument to prove that victories are won, not by greater numbers or by the possession of superior engines of war, but rather by the character and training of the men. It requires no argument to prove that the desired military virtues tend to spread from officer to men by a sort of contagion, whenever the commander, having already acquired respect for his wisdom and practical knowledge of warfare, vividly embodies in his own person the spirit of resolute daring, self-confidence, and the determination to win. Doubts dissolve and obstacles vanish when he appears, and the impossible happens. These things we may take for granted. Every great general bears witness to their truth; every war has written the demonstration in letters of blood.