THE NAVY DEPARTMENT, 1897-1911
The Spanish-American War was the principal event in the history of the navy and the Navy Department during the period 1897-1911, and by reason of its epoch-making results it has been the chief factor in shaping the recent naval policy of the United States. The war gave an impetus to every naval activity. It accelerated the building of ships, the increase of officers and seamen, the improvement of the navy yards and the establishment of naval stations, coaling depots, magazines and hospitals. It left its mark upon the organization of the Navy Department and of the naval service. Its effect upon the amalgamation of the line and the engineers and upon the provision of adequate educational facilities for naval officers was far-reaching. Since the war the improvement in the materiel and the personnel of the navy has gone on hand in hand. As a result of the brilliant victories of Dewey and Sampson, which greatly popularized the navy, large sums of money have been freely granted for naval purposes.