Transportation is admittedly an important and complicated navy-yard problem. By providing superfluity of equipment it becomes simple enough, but under such conditions is a source of greatest waste. To improve efficiency general schemes and routes may be worked out to advantage, but the problem is so variegated and ever-changing that no such general schemes and routes can possibly meet all the needs.
In attempting to accomplish efficient transportation it must be borne in mind that the transportation system is an aid to the shops and ships. In reducing haulage costs care must be taken not to curtail facilities to such a point as to reduce efficiency of the industrial or military establishment. As a matter of fact, the aim should be maximum efficiency for the whole establishment, which may be had even though each individual part, be it a shop or a transportation system, does not have an individual lowest cost. This principle may be otherwise stated thus: The maximum efficiency for any branch is that which brings about the maximum efficiency of the whole.
The transportation facilities of a navy yard may be listed as below:
(a) Horses and wagons.