Asst. Naval Constructor P. G. Coburn, U. S. Navy.—Naval Constructor Westervelt seeks to diminish manufacturing costs by finding out detailed costs and by promoting competition between navy yards and between workmen in navy yards.
That a great deal can be done by the promotion of competition has been clearly proved to the naval service. The most common illustration of this is that of the improvement in gun fire, but cases in point may be found in navy yard work, as, for example, the reduced costs of paints, boats, ditty boxes, and other manufactured articles. In developing this competition, a peculiar phenomenon was disclosed; namely, that there was a remarkably wide variation between estimates and between costs as submitted by the different yards.