Proceedings Magazine - 1913 Vol. 39/4/148

Cover Story

Each individual's interest in the Panama Canal, and his estimate of the importance of the canal, is necessarily determined by the point of view.



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  • Commercial Importance of the Panama Canal
    By Emory R. Johnson, Ph. D., Sc. D. Professor of Transportation and Commerce, University of Pennsylvania, Special Commissioner on Panama Canal Traffic and Tolls

    Each individual's interest in the Panama Canal, and his estimate of the importance of the canal, is necessarily determined by the point of view.

  • Organization of the Fleet for War
    By Lieutenant R. E. Ingersoll, U. S. Navy

    Motto: "The constitution of fleets appears, indeed, to be one of the most important factors of war…The figure fixing the number of the units that ought to compose this elementary naval force evidently cannot be an arbitrary one; it...

  • Coal for the Navy
    By Paymaster John S. Higgins, U. S. Navy

    *Read before the Post-Graduate Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., February 19, 1913.

    From a careful investigation of all the coal fields throughout the United States it has been found that certain fields produce coal...

  • Diesel Engine Fuels
    By Lieutenant Felix X. Gygax, U. S. Navy
  • Another Sea Fight of the Revolution Discovered
    By Edgar Stanton Maclay, A. M.

    Persistent research in English records has just brought to light another of the forgotten sea fights of the Revolution, namely, that which took place on December 12, 1782, off the northwestern coast of Spain between the British 44-gun frigate...

  • A Half Century of Naval Administration in America, 1861-1911
    By Charles Oscar Paullin


    The New Navy, 1881-1897.

  • A "Wrinkle" on Chart Symbols
    By Captain G. W. Logan, U. S. Navy

    For a number of years past the writer has employed in chart work certain uniform symbols which have proved so convenient that he feels justified in recommending them to others. In the absence of such a system of symbols it is usually found...

  • The Measurement of a "Base Line" for a Hydrographic Survey
    By Lieutenant Francis A. L. Vossler, U. S. Navy, With Sketches By Leo M. Samuels, Topographic Draftsman, U. S. Navy

    As officers of the navy are frequently called upon to make a survey of a harbor, or of an anchorage, and as the time allowed for this work may be quite limited, the following mode of pro­cedure in measuring a base line is submitted. It is...

  • Observations on Ocean Temperatures in the Vicinity of Icebergs and in Other Parts of the Ocean
    By C. W. Waidner, H. C. Dickinson, and J. J. Crowe, Bureau of Standards, Washington, D. C.

    *Reprinted by permission of the Hydrographic Office of the Navy De­partment from the Pilot Chart of the North Atlantic Ocean for Septem­ber, 1913.

  • Mathematical Justification for Omitting the Seconds in Navigational Sights
    By Lieutenant G. L. Schuyler, U. S. Navy

    In the astronomical triangle we may apply certain formulas from Chauvenet’s “ Plane and Spherical Trigonometry ” dealing with differential variations in spherical triangles. Lettering as in Fig. i, and keeping A and c constant,...

  • Discussion: Mathematical Justification for Omitting the Seconds in Navigational Sights

    Captain G. W. Logan, U. S. Navy.—The study of this subject made by Lieutenant Schuyler gives us some convenient formulas for the deter­mination of the error due to disregarding seconds in nautical-astronomical computations. His...

  • Rapid Method of Calculating without Loga­rithms, or Interpolations, the Altitude, Hour Angle, Declination, and Azimuth of Any Heavenly Body
    By Lieutenant Alberto Palisa Mujica, Argentine Navy; Translated by Commander A. B. Hoff, U. S. Navy

    “A single principle leading up to a single calculation, following a form always the same, constitutes, according to my mind, the safeguard of the navigator.”—H. Bersier, Preface—" Conduite du Navire.”

  • The Petty Officer Question
    By Ensign E. W. Robinson, U. S. Navy

    Who and what is a petty officer? This question may well be asked with reference to any number of the so-called rated men aboard any ship in the navy. So far as regulations are concerned, petty officers may be said to be any rated persons in the...

  • Discussion: The Petty Officer Question

    Lieut. Commander D. W. Knox, U. S. Navy.—While the titles of our men have undoubted influence upon the duty which they are expected to and do perform, the kernel of "the petty officer" question does not lie in the question of...

  • The Company Officer and His Work
    By Captain William E. Parker, U. S. Marine Corps

    *Editor’s Note..—This paper has already appeared in the “Infantry Journal” of the United States Infantry Association and is reproduced here with the knowledge and consent of the responsible officers of that associa­...

  • Casualties and Experience
    By Ensign Valentine N. Bieg, U. S. Navy

    Whatever the argument advanced in favor of teaching the younger personnel, from books, the lessons learned by older of­ficers, through long years of association with service conditions, it is always answered by the old and narrow adage...

  • The Ship's General Mess
    By Paymaster George Dyer, U. S. Navy

    *This article is based upon the more detailed pamphlet, “ The Ship’s Com­missary Officer,” by Paymaster Dyer, published by the Institute separately from the Proceedings j it contains suggested weekly bills-of-fare to suit...

  • Naval Personnel Legislation
    By Lieut. Commander D. W. Knox, U. S. Navy

    1. End in View.

    The chief end in view of naval personnel legislation should be the war efficiency of our naval forces before, during and after battle. While many secondary ends may properly be aimed at, no means contributory...

  • Discussion: Naval Personnel Legislation

    Captain T. W. Kinkaid, U. S. Navy.—I am glad to see the "selecting-up" idea put into print. Whether the selection be made by a "committee of the whole" or by the dozen or so officers nearest the top of the grade above,...

  • Minimum Navy Yard Manufacturing Costs
    By Naval Constructor G. C. Westervelt, U. S. Navy

    A very short acquaintance with any navy yard will convince an observant man that there are many unchecked wastes in operation, that little if any of the work is done at minimum cost, and that the field for earnest, effective duty is as extensive...

  • Discussion: Minimum Navy Yard Manufacturing Costs

    Asst. Naval Constructor P. G. Coburn, U. S. Navy.—Naval Constructor Westervelt seeks to diminish manufacturing costs by finding out detailed costs and by promoting competition between navy yards and between work­men in navy yards.

  • United States Navy Coal Investigating Expedition in the Bering River Field of Alaska
    By Passed Asst. Surgeon John Otho Downey, U. S. Navy

    Part I.—Introductory.

    Practically all the coal used by the navy on the Pacific Coast and in the Orient is shipped from the Atlantic Coast of the United States. It is obviously highly desirable to obtain coal from a...

  • Organization: An Essay on Fundamental Principles, with Special Reference to the Navy
    By Naval Constructor G. S. Radford, U. S. Navy

    I. Introduction.


  • Discussion: The Problem of Firing at a Fleet Under Way with Long-Range Torpedoes

    The Problem of Firing at a Fleet Under Way with Long-Range Torpedoes.

    (See p. 684, Whole No. 146, Vol. 39, June, 1913.)


  • Professional Notes
    Prepared By Lieutenant W. A. Hall, U. S. Navy

    This complete issue of Proceedings is provided for your use in its original format only at this time.  The editorial team is currently reviewing the text...

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