The Period Before 1868
Commodore Perry's landing on July 14, 1853, convinced the Japanese that foreign demands could only be resisted by a navy. In 1854 the Shogun government decided to procure war-ships through the Dutch in Nagasaki, and the Daimios of the southern provinces were authorized to possess war-ships. In 1863 the government sent two officers to study in Holland, where the steam corvette Kagomaru was purchased.
The greater part of the little navy was lost in 1868 by the insurrection of Admiral Enomoto, an adherent of the last of the Shoguns.
The First Naval Development Period, 1868 to 1894-95
The present imperial Japanese Navy was developed from the vessels remaining after the war of restoration of the Mikado with the war-ships of the Daimios of the southern provinces, Satsuma, Choshiu and Hizen. The building of the navy was delayed at first by the more urgent needs of the army to suppress internal disorders.