It is perhaps seldom remembered by the present generation that the occasion when Field Marshal Count Waldersee led a combined force to the relief of the embassies and consulates was not the only instance when British sentinels had done duty on the walls of Pekin. It has been written that the city was taken and pillaged. Pillaged it certainly was not, neither is it quite correct to say that it was taken. The sacking and burning of the Summer Palace, situated some five miles from the city itself, may well have led to the misapprehension about the city being pillaged. That deed of retribution was a just and necessary one, a reprisal for a gross act of treachery on the part of the Chinese, by which they captured a number of Europeans and Sikhs composing the invading force.