The accounts that we read of the final naval battle between the Japanese and Russians are so meager that one may easily become confused if he tries to make out exactly what things happened, and the succession in which they happened. Most accounts seem to show, however, that the two following conditions existed:
1. The two forces were so nearly equal in material, that whatever difference there was may be neglected in this inquiry.
2. The two forces were so nearly equal in bravery, that whatever difference there was may be neglected in this inquiry.
The cause of Togo's victory, therefore, was not the superiority of his forces in material or bravery. What was it?
Two causes stand out plainly:
1. The Japanese fleet handling was better than the Russian.
2. The Japanese gunnery was better than the Russian.