CALIBER OF THE NEW NAVY RIFLE.
On the 3ist of last July, a Board, consisting of Commander G. A. Converse, U. S. Navy, Captain George C. Reid, U. S. Marine Corps, Professor Philip R. Alger, U. S. Navy-rand Ensign A. C. Dieffenbach, U. S. Navy, was appointed by the Department "for the purpose of considering and deciding upon the caliber of rifle to be used in the naval service and to test and select the rifle best suited to that service." The first question considered, that of the caliber, was reported on August 22, the Board deciding upon 6 mm. (.236 in.). Their report reads as follows, and is published by permission of the Bureau of Ordnance.
The history of the development of small-arms shows a constant decrease of caliber, accompanied by an increase of ballistic qualities; and the rapid advance of technical science, with resulting improvements in the material and methods of manufacture of modern arms and ammunition, has in recent years given impetus to this movement.