Government, in the abstract, is the operation of law, and law has been defined as a rule of action.
Naval Government may be said to be that system of rules by virtue of which the affairs of a navy are regulated.
Administration, signifying management, means, in a political sense, to manage and direct the affairs of Government, and belongs to the Executive as distinguished from the Legislative branch.
Naval Administration, therefore, signifies the management and direction of that part of the executive branch of the Government which pertains to the National, or Military Marine.
The rules on which a naval administration is based should be framed with a view to ensuring an intelligent direction of naval affairs, economical management, and an efficient condition of the disposable force.
The Minister of Marine, or (as in the United States) the Secretary of the Navy, is a Cabinet officer, and the lawfully constituted adviser of the Chief Magistrate on all questions relating to his branch of the public service. He is the naval administrator ex officio.