Extracts From an Article on the Protection of Heavy Guns for Coast Defense
By Captain G. S. Clarke, K. E.
Published in the Proceedings of the Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich,
The whole question of the choice of modes of protection will be found, on consideration, to be closely bound up with the views which may be taken as to—
1. The probable accuracy of the fire of ships.
2. The probable effect of shrapnel and common shell.
3. The probable effect of the fire of machine and quick-firing guns.