During World War II, a group of 13 enlisted sailors broke a key U.S. Navy color barrier by becoming the first African-American commissioned and warrant officers. Sixteen African-Americans had begun officer training at Great Lakes Naval Training Station in 1944, with 12 selected as officers and 1 as chief warrant officer. In October 1986 and July 1988 Paul Stillwell interviewed Graham E. Martin, one of the men who received an ensign's commission.
One of Thirteen
Graham E. Martin, one of the first, tells his story.
By Emily Martin