‘War is a racket. . . . It is conducted for the benefit of the very few at the expense of the masses.” Those may sound like the words of some college-campus peacenik, but in fact they emanated from an individual who at the time of his death was the most highly decorated Marine in U.S. history. Major General Smedley Darlington Butler (aka “the Fighting Quaker” or “Old Gimlet Eye”) had arguably the most complex, fascinating persona in the pantheon of Marine Corps icons, a war hero who came to detest war, a man who fought on three continents but came to ruefully opine that he had been “a high-class muscle-man for big business, for Wall Street and for the bankers. . . . I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism.” Pretty astounding comments from someone who by the end of his time in uniform had garnered 17 military awards, including two Medals of Honor.