Eccentric innovator Henry Ford built airplanes as well as automobiles and antisubmarine ships (the Eagle boats), and developed low-cost housing projects and rubber plantations.1 Pro-fascist, anti-Semitic, and seeking to control the lives of his employees, Ford revolutionized the auto industry by adopting mass production and standardization techniques. He had hoped to do the same for the aircraft industry.
In 1925 he purchased the Stout Metal Airplane Company of Detroit. Established in 1919 by William B. Stout, the firm had produced several monoplanes, including a single ST-1 twin-engine torpedo bomber for the U.S. Navy. The newly acquired aircraft firm became a division of the Ford Motor Company.