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Streeter, Ruth Cheney (1895-1990)

Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve (Retired)


Based on four interviews conducted by John T. Mason, Jr., on behalf of Columbia University from April 1979 through July 1979. The volume contains 366 pages of interview transcript plus an index. The transcript is copyright by Columbia Unversity; the interviewee has placed no restrictions on its use.


This is an exceptional volume in the Naval Institute oral history collection in that Colonel Streeter is the only interviewee whose service was with the Marine Corps rather than the Navy or Coast Guard. She tells of her growing-up years when she did a good deal of traveling, provides a woman's perspective on the home front in World War I, and discusses the establishment of the Cheney Award, which honors aviation heroism in memory of her brother, who was killed in a flying accident. She describes her membership on the New Jersey Relief Council during the Depression and her pioneering work as first director of the Women Marines in World War II. She served as an example for those under her leadership and provided reassurance to the populace that their daughters would be well taken care of. After the war, she was a member of the New Jersey Veterans Council as servicemen became readjusted to civilian life.


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