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2012 Defense Forum Washington


USAA Proudly sponsors Defense Forum Washington


The United States Navy Memorial & Naval Heritage Center are located at 701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Suite 123, Washington, D.C., 20004-2608.

The D.C. Metro's Green and Yellow Line stops at Archives-Navy Memorial, steps from our front door.

Please access the Naval Heritage Center from the Plaza level immediately behind the memorial.

Parking Information

There are several parking garages within a two-block radius of the Navy Memorial. Prices vary from $7 per hour up to $25 per day. Location and hours of the six closest are:

701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Entrance located on D Street, N.W. between 7th and 8th Streets, N.W. - under the building in which the Naval Heritage Center is located.
Monday-Friday, 7:00am-9:00pm
Closed Weekends

801 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Entrance located on D Street, N.W. between 8th and 9th Streets, N.W.
Monday-Friday, 7:00am-9:00pm
Closed Weekends

Adjacent to Caucus Room Restaurant on D Street, N.W. between 8th and 9th Streets, N.W.
Monday-Friday, 6:00am-12:00am (midnight)
Saturday, 8:00am-12:00am (midnight)
Sunday, 12:00pm-8:00pm

Adjacent to the Café Atlantico Restaurant on 8th Street, N.W., between D and E Streets, N.W.
Monday-Friday, 6:00am-12:00am (midnight)
Saturday & Sunday - Only open on nights with events at the MCI Center or Shakespeare Theater

625 D Street, N.W. On D Street, N.W. between 6th and 7th Streets, N.W.
Monday-Friday, 7:00am-7:00pm
Closed Weekends

Adjacent to Kinko’s on D Street, N.W. between 6th and 7th Streets, N.W.
Monday-Friday, 7:00am-7:00pm
Saturday, 10:00am-7:00pm
Closed Sunday

Street parking is also available on most streets, but be sure to pay close attention to the street signs as parking may be restricted during certain hours. Metered parking is available for two-hour slots.


Directions below are from various points around the Washington, D.C. area, and are to help get persons into the area of the Navy Memorial.

From Virginia - Fairfax County and points West: Follow I-66 until it becomes Constitution Avenue into the Downtown area. Make a left turn on 7th Street and go 1 block. Turn left on Pennsylvania Avenue NW, and the Memorial is ½ block on your right.

From Richmond, VA and points South: Take I-95 North to I-395 North. Follow I-395 North across the 14th Street Bridge and stay to the right for the 12th Street exit. Follow the 12th Street exit under the National Mall (through the tunnel) into the Downtown area.. Turn right on Pennsylvania Avenue NW, then go approximately 3 ½ blocks and the Memorial will be on your left.

From Maryland - Annapolis and points East: Take Maryland Route 50 west into DC. Turn left on 7th Street and go approximately 9 blocks to Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Turn right and the Memorial is ½ block on your right.

From Baltimore and points North: Take I-95 South to the Capital Beltway. Follow I-495 South towards Richmond, VA to Maryland Route 50. Take Maryland Route 50 west into DC. Turn left on 7th Street and go approximately 9 blocks to Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Turn right and the Memorial is ½ block on your right.

From the Northwest - within the District: Take Connecticut Avenue to Dupont Circle. At the Circle take Massachusetts Avenue Eastbound. Follow Massachusetts Avenue to 13th Street and turn right. Follow 13th Street approximately 9 blocks to Pennsylvania Avenue NW and turn left. Go approximately 4 ½ blocks and the Memorial will be on your left.

From the Northeast - within the District: Take New York Avenue into downtown. Turn left on 7th Street and go approximately 9 blocks to Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Turn right and the Memorial is ½ block on your right.

From the Southeast - within the District: Take I-295 North to the 11th Street Bridge. Follow the 11th Street Bridge over the Anacostia River to the Southeast/Southwest Freeway (I-395S) to the 6th/7th Street exits and follow the 7th Street signs. Turn right on 7th Street and go north to Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Turn left on Pennsylvania Avenue NW and the Memorial is ½ block on your right.

From the Southwest - within the District: Take 7th Street and go north to Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Turn left on Pennsylvania Avenue NW and the Memorial is ½ block on your right.

Metro - Metrorail, Washington's clean, safe, and efficient subway system, is an alternative to driving downtown and to the Navy Memorial. There are six Metro stations in Downtown DC, and the Archives/Navy Memorial Metro stop is about 50 feet from the Memorial itself. The United States Navy Memorial is served by the Yellow and Green Lines. Metro opens at 5:00 a.m. on weekdays, and at 7:00 a.m. on weekends. Metro closes at midnight Sunday-Thursday, and at 3:00 a.m. Friday-Saturday. For specific info on Metro see their homepage at www.wmata.com.


The Fiscal Cliff: What Does this Mean for Defense and National Security

KeynoteThe Honorable William J. Lynn III, chief executive officer, DRS Technologies, and former Deputy Secretary of Defense

Leading off the 2012 Defense Forum Washington at the U.S. Navy Memorial’s Heritage Center in Washington, D.C., on 5 December was William J. Lynn, the chief executive officer of DRS Technologies, Inc., and a deputy Secretary of Defense from 2009–2011. Serving under Defense Secretaries Robert Gates and Leon Panetta, he managed 3 million personnel and oversaw an annual budget of $700 billion. Lynn also personally oversaw the Pentagon’s efforts in cybersecurity, space strategy and energy policy.

Regardless of the outcome in the current “fiscal cliff” struggle between the Obama administration and factions on Capitol Hill, the consequences will have an impact on national security for years to come, Lynn said.

“The central question of today’s forum is what the current fiscal cliff means for national security is personal one for all of us,” Lynn said. “Our decisions will shape history. We have to live up to challenges as our forerunners did—by using our still-formidable financial clout to widen the technology advantage we have. Our challenge is not to just protect national security and manage the slowdown, but to use our unparalleled level of resources to shape the future of war and change the paradigm.”

Lynn listed three considerations that should be taken into account when it comes to the forthcoming budgetary constraints.

“The first has to do with lethality. For centuries, lethality followed a linear path with the wealthiest nations wielding the greatest lethal power. But this linear relationship between economic and military might is no longer exclusive. Terrorist groups with few resources can now mount devastating attacks. Insurgents can defeat our most advanced armor with fertilizer bombs. Rogue states seek nuclear weapons and criminals have world class cyber-capabilities. In fact lethality at the low end of the economic spectrum can rival that at the high end.”

The second strategic factor is conflict duration, Lynn said.

“Since the end of the Cold War, we’ve tended to focus our planning on conflicts that would be relatively short in duration,” he said. “Desert Storm was the prototype—a monthlong aerial bombardment followed by an extraordinarily successful 100-hour ground war. But this construct hasn’t fit our post-9/11 reality, when the wars in both Iraq and Afghanistan have lasted longer than U.S. participation in World War I and World War II combined. This has put an enormous burden on our troops and especially on their families.”

If this represents a new paradigm, he said, that would have to be factored in when considering the financial calculus, one that would include the need for troops to be rotated in and out of the conflict areas.

“The third strategic factor that could impact how we fight and plan is perhaps the most ominous of all—the advent of asymmetric warfare,” Lynn said. “The battleground used to be a place of meeting like-on-like: cavalry on cavalry, armor on armor, and so on. We faced enemies whose framework was similar to our own. The challenge was to develop superior people, superior capabilities, superior tactics within that framework.” 

That paradigm is disappearing and with America’s dominance, adversaries are in search of asymmetric tools to undercut advantages, or use our advantages against us, Lynn said.  Examples include the fact that al Qaeda and the Taliban rarely take on U.S. forces head-on, instead relying on technologies such as improvised explosive devices.

“When it comes to the range of asymmetric threats, there’s nothing more transformational that cyber-warfare,” he said. “Warfare itself has been transformed three times in the past couple of centuries: First by the industrial revolution in the 19th century, then by the atomic revolution in the middle of the 20th century, and today, at the advent of the 21st century, by the information age.”

Lynn pointed to cyber-warfare threats that could jam satellites, interfere with communications, and “make our smart bombs dumb again” as examples of vulnerabilities.

Panel: Fearing the Fiscal Cliff:  What Are the Implications for Industry?

ModeratorDr. Nora Bensahel, deputy director of studies and senior fellow, Center for New American Security

Leading off the second panel was a discussion about how the fiscal cliff might affect the defense industry, moderated by Dr. Nora Bensahel.

Bensahel began the discussion by pointing out that sequestration accounts for just a small part of the pending fiscal cliff discussions.

“People who focus on defense tend to focus primarily on sequestration,” Bensahel said. “But sequestration is only one piece of fiscal cliff, as I’m sure you all know from reading the newspapers. And sequestration’s fate is not going to be judged based on its merits. It’s not going to be judged based on its effects on the Department of Defense or how you would like defense spending to go. It is actually only a very small percentage of the overall dollars at stake in the fiscal cliff, and that is the balance between revenue and spending that Congress is debating at the moment.”

And that very small percentage she said would be around 11 percent when all was said and done.

“If you look at the expiration of the Bush tax cuts, the expiration of the payroll tax cuts, a bunch of other things that are all on the fiscal cliff and you take sequestration as a percentage of the overall dollars, defense sequestration is about 11 percent of the cliff.”

But the defense sequestration portion of the fiscal cliff she argued wouldn’t be a high priority in these negotiations and could like be used as a bargaining chip later down the line to the chagrin of people in the defense industry.

PanelistDr. Gordon Adams, professor, School of International Science, American University

Dr. Gordon Adams attempted to give what he said was a more realistic point of view—that the drawdown is under way regardless of the fiscal cliff and that preparations should be made accordingly.

“We are in a drawdown,” Adams declared. “Now I started saying this two years ago and nobody believed it. Now I don’t believe there’s anybody in the room that doesn’t believe we’re in a drawdown. And we’re in a drawdown, not particularly because of the fiscal cliff, we’re in a drawdown because Iraq is gone from the books and the soldiers are gone. The soldiers are coming out of Afghanistan. The consequence of that is that attention shifts away from issues of war and peace and troops deployed forward in the field and it to issues which are jobs and the economy and debts and the deficit. Those are now the center piece of political attention.”

According to Adams, historically in times of drawdowns the deepest parts of the cuts come on the acquisition side of the equation. Those, he said, were relatively easy dollars to cut. And despite his assertions of a drawdown, demonstrated by the trend of the last several budgets, the actual cuts haven’t come yet, he said.

“You don’t really call a cut ‘a cut’ until it’s below the rate of inflation or nominally below the prior year,” Adams explained. “That’s a cut. That’s what we did in ’11. That’s what we did in ’12. And that’s what we’re going to do in ’13. The line that currently projects the defense budget over the next 10 years is not a cut. It basically keeps flat with inflation.”

Where to expect those cuts he said would start with procurement, but then “people” would come next. He said operations and maintenance would be “somewhat more shallow,” while research and development would be most shallow.

“I would like to argue it’s time we start thinking about how we do less with less, not more with less, but less with less” Adams said.

That “less with less” he added, would be making strategic priorities by laying out the choices based on the risk that could be accepted strategically.

PanelistMr. James McAleese, Esq., LL.M, principal, McAleese & Associates, P.C.

Next up was James McAleese, whose brief presentation began with the prediction of a deal that would prevent the country from going over the fiscal cliff. But he reminded the audience how Defense Secretary Leon Panetta summed up the sequester six months ago: catastrophic, irreparable harm and irresponsible.

But six months later that message from Panetta had changed to him wanting a deal for certainty or as McAleese put it, “Get the shadow off my department.” Along with that Panetta wanted a defense authorization bill, a cyber-security bill and finally, getting Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford confirmed as commander of the war in Afghanistan.

And the same is said about the services themselves not having planned six months ago. McAleese pointed out how he expected all the branches and defense contractor sectors would be hit with various weapon systems being downsized, delayed or even eliminated, something that wasn’t previously anticipated with the hope of avoiding the sequester.

But all that seems to be a distraction from what is importan—getting beyond the fiscal cliff/sequester discussion, he explained.

“The whole process of sequester—it’s taxes, entitlements, the fiscal cliff, so on, and so forth—it’s very volatile,” McAleese said. “It’s very emotional. It’s inflammatory and it’s fundamentally stopping us from getting into the healing process.”

He added that it’s also distracting from the troops on the ground in war zones.

“This thing is sucking the oxygen out of the room,” he continued. “The faster we get this behind us whatever the deal is, the better off we are going to be.”

PanelistMr. Bobby Sturgell, senior vice president, Washington Operations, Rockwell Collins

The final panelist, Bobby Sturgell, focused on the industry side of the equation of the fiscal cliff. He said industry tended as a whole to be somewhat more concerned about taxes. But the defense industry certainly has sequestration as a concern.

“There will be cuts and there will be job losses,” he said. “And the fact of the matter—there have been job losses.  The defense side of our company—well over 1,000 over the past couple of years. We have another 350 wrapped up in sequestration. . . . It’s happening. Companies see it and it will happen much more substantially depending on how this plays out over the next month or so.”

Sturgell pointed to one distinction in this drawdown. Unlike drawdowns in the past, this one has a degree of uncertainty, which affects decision-making and forces capital to sit on the sidelines for the time being.

“We can’t be as lean as we know we need to be,” Sturgell said. “But folks are trying to stay as much on top of it as much as they can, as much as possible.”

Sturgell also advised against downplaying the impact of the sequester, which some have suggested would be “a ramp” and not “a cliff.” Nonetheless, he said with certainty, there would be job losses.

“This whole notion of a ramp versus a cliff, it’s almost like we’re trying to talk ourselves, ‘this isn’t going to be so bad, this is going to be a ramp not a cliff,’” he said. “Well if your ramp is two to three months, OK, I guess it’s a ramp. But the fact of the matter is there will be job losses by the spring when these cuts occur.”

Panel: Preparing for the Fiscal Cliff:  How Does This Affect the Military?

ModeratorMs. Kathleen Troia "KT" McFarland, national security analyst and host of DEFCON 3, Fox News

Wrapping up the 2012 Defense Forum, was a discussion about the fiscal cliff and its specific impact on the military itself, moderated by Fox News’ KT McFarland. McFarland reminded the audience of how the military has worked going back to the end of World War II.

“We are now hanging on the edge of the fiscal cliff,” she said. “And it seems those sequestration cuts may be an adjusted down payment on even greater cuts in the out years. Old Washington hands will tell you don’t worry about it. We’ve been through tough times before. It’s just another cycle of that boom and bust with defense spending we’ve had since the beginning of the republic and you guys all know the drill—the war is over and whether it’s World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the Cold War, and now Iraq and Afghanistan. So it’s time for that peace dividend. We always cut defense spending after wars and even so after unpopular wars.  . . .  And so far we have managed to make it through. But there’s a growing sense that this time things are different.”

McFarland went on to explain how bad national defense had gotten in the 1970s and what the Reagan administration—which she was a part of—had inherited in the 1980s and how it was a force in disarray. And that lesson was one that shouldn’t be forgotten in 2012.

Panelist: Dionel M. Aviles, vice president at Lockheed Martin Corporation and former Undersecretary of the Navy

First up was Dionel M. Aviles, who was in attendance not to lend his expertise as an industry executive, but as someone who had experience with programming and budgeting in Congress and as the comptroller of the U.S. Navy.

According to Aviles, with the cuts already passed into law and the looming sequestration threat, defense stands to take a trillion-dollar hit over the next ten years and that, he said, will require an entirely new game plan.

“I respectfully suggest that cuts of that magnitude would require dramatically rethinking of the national security strategy of the United States,” Aviles said. “This isn’t just something you can initiate and have the comptrollers go out and find the money to figure out a way to reply. This is going to be major surgery.”

Aviles said missions would be on the table with these cuts, including humanitarian and disaster missions that the United States has been historically engaged in. But he wasn’t as pessimistic with regards to “vital national security missions.”

PanelistCOL Douglas Macgregor, USA (Ret.), PhD, executive vice president, Burke - Macgregor, LLC, and author, Warrior’s Rage: The Great Tank Battle of 73 Easting.

Douglas Macgregor was more aggressive in his tack on the reduction of the military and what the proper course of action was in the face of this fiscal cliff.

“I think debt matters,” Macgregor said. “I think if John Maynard Keynes were resurrected and shown the $16 trillion debt, he would rapidly retreat. We are in for a very difficult period. Sequestration is the tip if the iceberg in my judgment and this is the first, I suspect over the next couple of years, of fiscal cliffs. So I think the downward pressure on defense spending is going to be unrelenting.”

Macgregor went on to tell the audience that the United States was “of necessity” an aerospace and maritime power for the sake of global commerce. However he said the United States isn’t “a global land power.”

“That is territorial imperialism and as we’ve seen in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is a disaster,” he said. “It’s an economic loser and it’s ultimately self-defeating. With that connection, I would like to drive a stake through the heart of [former Clinton Secretary of State] Madeline Albright’s ideology, which says we need to everywhere doing everything all the time, particularly in backwards societies with dysfunctional cultures. We need to stop. It’s not only unnecessary, it’s counterproductive.”

With that in mind, the three problem-areas Macgregor defined were:

1. Redundant overhead with reduction of commands.
2. Integrate capabilities across service lines.
3. Don’t expect the services to do any of it, because they aren’t self-reforming.

But how will all that be addressed? Macgregor said it would be up to our elected officials on Capitol Hill and the President and his administration.

“I think Congress and the White House are going to have to sit down over the next year and they’re going to have to have some very serious discussions about the capabilities we want to pay for and keep on active duty and deploy,” he said. “We have to dramatically scale back the expectations we have of missions.”

PanelistThe Honorable John F. Lehman, former Secretary of the Navy

John F. Lehman said that it might take something like the fiscal cliff to change the culture of the military.

"I have become a cliff diver,” Lehman said. “I think we ought to let the government drive right over that cliff and the reason is I think our system for providing for the common defense is so broken that it will take a major crisis to be the catalyst to getting some real change.”

Lehman made it clear he wasn’t a fatalist, but said sometimes to break the stranglehold of bureaucracy it requires something to that effect.  He said the problems are apparent in that the United States is on the verge of becoming “a very second-tier influence in the world,” something he said didn’t happen overnight.

However, Lehman said not to underestimate the ability of the Department of Defense to survive a fiscal cliff.

“It’s not going to collapse. The Pentagon is a pretty strong building. The system will continue to go. The payroll will continue to function. There will have to be a lot of contract rewriting and a lot of very frustrating things but don’t forget—with a new Congress in, there will be the ability to make patches.”

During the question-and-answer session, all three panelists had ideas about where excesses could be eliminated. Macgregor suggested fewer four-star admirals and generals across the board. Lehman suggested rebasing our thinking on what roles we need to be providing overall. And Aviles suggested that our military isn’t “voluntary” as it is often described, but instead a “recruited professional force.” That, according to Aviles, is should be considered as far as expenditures go.


Washington Post


General Registration Information

Advanced registration for the 2012 Defense Forum Washington is now closed.

Onsite registration opens at 8:00am on Wednesday, December 5, 2012 at Naval Memorial – Heritage Center, which is located in Washington, DC.

To expedite on-site registration, we ask that that you please print and fill out a registration form (Download Registration Form) and bring it with you to the conference.

Please contact Karen Kaufman for registration questions.

Printer Friendly Schedule

The Fiscal Cliff: What Does This Mean for Defense and National Security

Wednesday, December 5, 2012
8:00AM - 8:30AMRegistration and Coffee
8:30AM - 8:45AMWelcome USNI CEO, VADM Peter H. Daly, USN (Ret.)
8:45AM - 9:30AMOpening Keynote Address
9:30AM - 9:45AMCoffee Break
9:45AM - 10:45AMPanel: Fearing the Fiscal Cliff:  What Are the Implications for Industry?
    • Moderator: Dr. Nora Bensahel, Deputy Director of Studies and Senior Fellow, Center for New American Security (Confirmed)
10:45AM - 11:00AMBreak
11:00AM - 12:15PMPanel: Preparing for the Fiscal Cliff:  How Does This Affect the Military?
12:15PM - 12:30PMClosing Remarks USNI CEO, VADM Peter H. Daly, USN (Ret.)

The Honorable William J. Lynn III
The Honorable William J. Lynn III


Chief Executive Officer, DRS Technologies and former Deputy Secretary of Defense


William J. Lynn is the Chief Executive Officer of DRS Technologies, Inc. Prior to joining DRS in 2012, Mr. Lynn served as the 30th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense from 2009 until 2011. Serving under Secretaries Robert Gates and Leon Panetta, he managed three million personnel and oversaw an annual budget of $700 billion. He also personally led the Department's efforts in cyber security, space strategy and energy policy.

From 2002 to 2009, Mr. Lynn was Senior Vice President of Government Operations and Strategy at the Raytheon Company. Previously, he served as Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) from 1997 to 2001 and as Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation in the Office of the Secretary of Defense from 1993 to 1997. Mr. Lynn also worked on the staff of Senator Ted Kennedy as his counsel for the Senate Armed Services Committee.

He has been recognized for numerous professional and service contributions, including four DoD medals for distinguished public service, the Joint Distinguished Civilian Service Award from the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and awards from the U.S. Army, Navy and Air Force.

Mr. Lynn holds a law degree from Cornell Law School and a Master's degree in Public Affairs from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. He is also a graduate of Dartmouth College

Dr. Nora Bensahel
Dr. Nora Bensahel


Deputy Director of Studies and Senior Fellow, Center for New American Security


Dr. Nora Bensahel is Deputy Director of Studies and a Senior Fellow at the Center for a New American Security.  She recently co-authored Hard Choices: Responsible Defense in an Age of Austerity, and Sustainable Pre-eminence: Reforming the U.S. Military at a Time of Strategic Change. Her other research interests include stability operations, counterinsurgency, civilian capacity for operations abroad, and coalition and alliance operations. She is also an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Security Studies Program at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, where she teaches M.A. classes and received the Alumni Leadership Council Teaching Award.

Prior to joining CNAS, Dr. Bensahel served as a Senior Political Scientist at the RAND Corporation.  She published many reports there, including After Saddam: Postwar Planning and the Occupation of Iraq, Improving Capacity for Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations, Europe’s Role in Nation-Building, The Counterterror Coalitions, and “The Experience of Foreign Militaries,” in Sexual Orientation and U.S. Military Personnel Policy: An Update of RAND’s 1993 Study.  She has also written several book chapters and published articles in Defence Studies, European Security, Joint Force Quarterly, Journal of Strategic Studies, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, and Survival

Dr. Bensahel has made expert appearances on a wide range of domestic and international television and radio programs, including ARD, BBC, CBS, C-SPAN, Fox News, NBC, NPR, PBS, and Voice of America.  She has also been quoted by The New York Times, USA Today, National Journal, Politico, The Huffington Post, Newsweek, Associated Press, and Reuters.

She received her Ph.D. and M.A. degrees from the Department of Political Science at Stanford University and her B.A., magna cum laude, from Cornell University. While at Stanford, she worked as a research assistant for former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry. She held fellowships at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University and the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University.

Dr. Gordon Adams
Dr. Gordon Adams


Professor, School of International Science, American University


Dr. Adams is Professor of International Relations at the School of International Service, American University, in Washington DC, where he teaches national security policy and resource planning. He is also a Distinguished Fellow at the Henry L. Stimson Center, where he directs the program on Budgeting for Foreign Affairs and Defense. From 2006-2007, he was a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC, writing a book on national security resource planning.

From 1999-2006, Dr. Adams was a Professor of the Practice of International Affairs and Director of the Security Policy Studies Program at the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. .From 1998-99 he was Deputy Director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, where he participated in management and planning, developed the IISS corporate membership program, and wrote and spoke widely on U.S. and European defense resource and planning issues between February 1993 and December 1997 Dr Adams was the senior White House official for national security and foreign policy budgets, as Associate Director for National Security and International Affairs at the Office of Management and Budget. He was responsible for oversight over all US foreign affairs and national security budgeting and supervised a staff of 60 responsible for reviewing the budget plans of the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the Agency for International Development, the United States Information Agency, the Treasury Department (international programs), the intelligence community, and a number of smaller agencies.  Before coming to OMB, Dr Adams was founder and Director of the Defense Budget Project, a nonpartisan research center in Washington D.C. which was one of Washington’s leading analytical
institutions working on the defense budget, defense economics and defense policy issues.

Dr Adams received his Ph.D. in Political Science form Columbia University in 1970 with a specialization in Western Europe. He was a Fulbright Fellow pursuing European studies at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium 1963-64, and graduated magna cum laude in Political Science and Phi Beta Kappa from Stanford University in 1963. He has been an International Affairs fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, senior staff at the Council on Economic Priorities in New York, has taught at Columbia University and Rutgers University, and was a staff associate for European Programs at the Social Science Research Council.

Dr Adams’ publications include The Iron Triangle: The Politics of Defense Contracting (Transaction Press), Transforming European Militaries Coalition Operations and the Technology Gap (Routledge), and Strengthening Statecraft and Security: Reforming U.S. Planning and resource Allocation (MIT
Security Studies program), as well as numerous monographs and viewpoint articles for such outlets as Financial Times, New York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, Baltimore Sun, Boston Globe, Los Angeles Times, and Defense New. He also writes a monthly column for Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists web magazine.

Dr. Adams has received the Defense Department’s Medal for Distinguished Public Service, has been a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Department of Defense, and is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and the Council on Foreign Relations.

Congressman J. Randy Forbes (R-VA)
Congressman J. Randy Forbes (R-VA)


Member of the Judiciary Committee and Committee on Armed Services


Congressman J. Randy Forbes is the Chairman of the House Armed Services Readiness Subcommittee.  Hailing from Chesapeake, Virginia, Chairman Forbes is one our nation's most forceful advocates for a strong national defense.

Chairman Forbes has been one of the key voices in Congress calling for a stop to the transformational defense sequestration cuts now threatening both our women and men in uniform and the future security of our nation.  He is one of our nation’s strongest champions for a larger, more robust Navy built upon the needs of our Combatant Commanders and designed to guarantee the security of our nation as well as the economic freedom of the seas.  Chairman Forbes has advocated to maintain a healthy industrial base to sustain our nation’s domestic defense manufacturing capabilities and he is a nationally-recognized champion for our active duty warfighters and veterans.  Chairman Forbes is also one of the few individuals to have received the highest civilian honors from both the US Army and the US Navy.

Chairman Forbes has called for accountability and transparency at the Pentagon as well as a full audit of our national defense spending to reduce waste and adequately quantify the needs of our warfighters.  As a conservative Member of Congress, Chairman Forbes has called for a Balanced Budget Amendment and was 1 of 17 Members of Congress to vote against every bailout and stimulus package under the Bush and Obama Administrations.

Founding the Congressional China Caucus in 2005, Chairman Forbes has made it a priority to call attention to the People’s Republic of China's rapid military rise. He recently gave a keynote address on U.S. defense policy and China's rise at Harvard University.  And he has introduced legislation calling for a comprehensive strategic framework to protect American interests in light of Chinese military modernization and more aggressive foreign policy.

The Honorable John F. Lehman
The Honorable John F. Lehman


former Secretary of the Navy


John Lehman is Chairman of J.F. Lehman & Company, a private equity investment firm. He is a director of Ball Corporation, Verisk, Inc and EnerSys Corporation. Dr. Lehman was formerly an investment banker with PaineWebber Inc. Prior to joining PaineWebber, he served for six years as Secretary of the Navy. He was President of Abington Corporation between 1977 and 1981. He served 25 years in the naval reserve.

He has served as staff member to Dr. Henry Kissinger on the National Security Council, as delegate to the Force Reductions Negotiations in Vienna and as Deputy Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

Dr. Lehman served as a member of the 9/11 Commission, and the National Defense Commission.

Dr. Lehman holds a B.S. from St. Joseph's University, a B.A. and M.A. from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. He is currently a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University.

Dr. Lehman has written numerous books, including On Seas of Glory, Command of the Seas and Making War.

He is Chairman of the Princess Grace Foundation USA and is a member of the Board of Overseers of the School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania.

COL Douglas Macgregor, USA (Ret.), Ph.D.
COL Douglas Macgregor, USA (Ret.), Ph.D.


Executive Vice President, Burke - Macgregor, LLC. and Author, Warrior’s Rage: The Great Tank Battle of 73 Easting


Colonel (ret) Douglas Macgregor is a decorated combat veteran, the author of four books, a PhD and the executive VP of Burke-Macgregor Group LLC, a defense and foreign policy consulting firm in Reston, VA. He was commissioned in the US. Army in 1976 after 4 years at West Point and 1 year at VMI.  In 1991, Macgregor was awarded the bronze star with “V” device for valor for his personal leadership of the cavalry troops from 2nd Squadron, Second Armored Cavalry Regiment that destroyed a full-strength Republican Guard Brigade in the action known as the Battle of the 73 Easting, the U.S. Army’s largest tank battle since World War II. His book, Warrior’s Rage. The Great Tank Battle of 73 Easting (Naval Institute Press, 2009) describes the action.

In 1998-99, as the J-5, Chief of Strategic Planning and, later, as Director of the Joint Operations Center at SHAPE, Macgregor supervised the conduct and planning of operations during the Kosovo Air Campaign.  When planning for intervention in Iraq began, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld insisted that General “Tommy” Franks meet with Macgregor to discuss Macgregor’s concept for the attack to Baghdad. The plan assumed Iraqi Army and administrative structures would be retained. Though modified to include less armor and vast numbers of Army and marine light infantry, Macgregor’s offensive concept was largely adopted.

Macgregor’s concepts from his groundbreaking books on military transformation, Breaking the Phalanx (1997) and Transformation under Fire (2003) have profoundly influenced thinking about reform and reorganization inside the world’s Armies and the U.S. Armed Forces. His books are available in Chinese, Korean and Hebrew. Macgregor has also testified before congress and appears as a commentator on national security affairs on television and radio programs.

Mr. James McAleese, Esq., LL.M
Mr. James McAleese, Esq., LL.M


Principal, McAleese & Associates, P.C.


ames McAleese founded McAleese & Associates, P.C., a government contracts consulting and legal firm, in 1992. His vision was simple: to help organizations of all sizes understand the myriad requirements for doing business with the Federal government, and to provide legal and consulting services that would enable them to maximize value from those contract opportunities.

Since then, Jim has dedicated his career to mastering the intricacies of the government contracting process and to maintaining credibility with various stakeholders at all levels of the Federal government. This experience, combined with his in-depth understanding of the political environment and his propensity for analyzing budgets and policies line-by-line, allows him to assist companies in securing money for existing programs or new technologies, help find remedies for troubled programs, and realign companies’ relationships with their most valuable customer—the Federal government.

A lifelong interest in military and defense issues—further kindled by an internship with the U.S. Army’s contract appeals division early in his career— has established Jim and McAleese & Associates as expert defense industry consultants and analysts. Now a respected authority on the Department of Defense (DoD) budget process and acquisition cycle, Jim is regularly sought out by DoD and industry decisions makers, as well as by the investment community, to comment on the impact a policy decision might have and on what strategies might most effectively leverage that impact on industry trends.

Not surprisingly, a large portion of McAleese’s clients hold—or are seeking—Federal government contracts with DoD and with the Departments of Homeland Security (DHS) and State (DoS). Still, Jim’s training and experience as a government contracts attorney ensures that he can work with companies in other industries and with other Federal government agencies on any aspect of government contract work, including compliance, awards, pricing and disputes.

Prior to founding McAleese & Associates, P.C., Jim McAleese was a practicing attorney in government contracts law, based in Washington, D.C. He remains actively involved in several professional organizations, all of which vigorously support the defense and intelligence interests of the United States. He also holds a number of leadership and board positions within those groups.

Ms. Kathleen Troia "KT" McFarland
Ms. Kathleen Troia "KT" McFarland


National Security Analyst and Host of DEFCON 3, FOX News


Kathleen Troia “KT” McFarland is FOX News’ National Security Analyst and appears regularly on FOX News and FOX Business News. She is also the host of FOXNews.com’s DEFCON 3, one of the internet’s most watched national security shows. Ms. McFarland writes a column for FOX FORUM, and records a weekly video blog for FOXnews.com, DEFCON 3 by KT. She is also the national security commentator for several radio programs on FOX, ABC, WMAL and WVOX.

Ms. McFarland held national security posts in the Nixon, Ford and Reagan Administrations: as an aide to Dr. Henry Kissinger on the NSC Staff (1970-76); member of the Senate Armed Services Committee Staff (1981); Senior Speechwriter to Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger and later the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (PA) and Pentagon Spokesman (1981-84). Ms. McFarland received the Defense Department’s highest civilian award for her work in the Reagan Administration (1985). She was a Republican candidate for the US Senate from New York (2006).

Ms. McFarland is a graduate of George Washington University (BA), Oxford University (BA, MA) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (PhD program, all but dissertation) with concentrations on nuclear weapons, China and the Soviet Union. She received Graduate Fellowships from the Ford Foundation, Institute for the Study of World Politics, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (Hubert Humphrey Fellowship).

She is a board member of The Jamestown Foundation, the Off the Record Lecture Series, a Distinguished Advisor to the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, and a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She is married to Alan Roberts McFarland and the mother/stepmother of five.

Mr. Bobby Sturgell
Mr. Bobby Sturgell


Senior Vice President, Washington Operations, Rockwell Collins


Bobby Sturgell is senior vice president of Washington Operations for Rockwell Collins. Sturgell's responsibilities include developing and implementing the company's governmental, regulatory, legislative and industrial affairs strategies, and maintaining relationships with Congressional members, staff and other administration officials. He was named to this position in April 2009.

Before joining Rockwell Collins, he served as acting administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) overseeing the regulation of commercial and private aviation in the United States. He also led the agency's day-to-day operations, capital programs and modernization efforts.

Before joining the FAA, Sturgell served as the senior policy advisor at the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). He was the focal point for analysis and coordination of the NTSB's safety recommendations, policies, programs and safety initiatives.

Sturgell came to the federal sector after flying for United Airlines, where he was a flight operations supervisor and line pilot. He flew Boeing 757 and 767 airplanes on domestic and international routes. Sturgell also practiced aviation law in Washington, D.C.

A former naval aviator, Sturgell was an instructor at Top Gun, the Navy's Fighter Weapons School. He has flown the F-14, F-16, F-18 and A-4 aircraft, and retired from the Navy as a commander. He is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and the University of Virginia School of Law.

The U.S. Naval Institute is grateful to USAA for its generous support to our Defense Forum Washington 2012




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