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Event Speakers

Dr. Martin N. Murphy

Keynote Speaker

Author and Piracy Expert


Dr Martin Murphy is an internationally-recognized expert on piracy who also writes widely on a range of naval and maritime security issues. He has consulted for the US Navy and UK MOD.

He is a Visiting Fellow at the Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies at King’s College, London; Research Fellow at the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, Halifax; and was a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, Washington DC between 2008 and 2010. His latest book, Somalia, the New Barbary? Piracy and Islam in the Horn of Africa is due for publication by Columbia University Press in September 2010. In 2009 he published a major study of piracy and maritime terrorism worldwide entitled Small Boats, Weak States, Dirty Money: Piracy and Maritime Terrorism in the Modern World, also though Columbia University Press, which was listed as one of the outstanding academic titles of the year by the American Libraries Association and one of the 20 most notable naval books of the year by the US Naval Institute. His Adelphi Paper Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism was published in 2007. He is engaged currently on a book for Routledge provisionally entitled Piracy, Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare at Sea: Navies confront the 21st-Century.

He has written book chapters and journal articles on insurgent activity at sea, naval support for counterinsurgency operations, the role of medium powers in maritime security, piracy law and the part navies can play in the suppression of piracy and maritime terrorism. His writings have appeared in Naval War College Review, Contemporary Security Policy, Proceedings, Jane’s Intelligence Review Armed Forces Journal, World Affairs Journal and others.

Dr Murphy holds a BA with Honours from the University of Wales, and Masters (with distinction) and Doctoral degrees in strategic studies from the University of Reading. He lives in Alexandria, VA

Stephen M. Carmel

Keynote Speaker

Senior Vice President, Maersk Line, Limited


Steve Carmel is responsible for all technical and operating activities at MLL. He previously held positions in operations and finance for U.S. Marine Management, Inc. and MLL.

Steve began his career sailing as a deck officer and Master primarily on tankers for Maritime Overseas Corp. and the Military Sealift Command.

In 1979 Steve graduated from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and holds a M.A. in Economics and a M.B.A. from Old Dominion University. Steve is currently pursuing a Ph.D. with an emphasis in International Political Economy. He is also a Certified Management Accountant (CMA) and is Certified in Financial Management (CFM). Steve is also on the Chief of Naval Operations Executive Panel (N00K).

MajGen Thomas Wilkerson, USMC (Ret.)

CEO, U.S. Naval Institute

Tom Wilkerson is the Chief Executive Officer of the United States Naval Institute.  In this capacity, he leads one of the oldest professional military associations in the United States. For more than 130 years, the Naval Institute, a nonprofit professional association with 65,000 members worldwide, has served as the “Independent Forum of the Sea Services.”

As CEO, Tom is responsible for formulating and executing the goals, objectives and strategy of the Institute; he is a member of the Board of Directors of the Institute and the Naval Institute Foundation.

Tom is no stranger to the Naval Institute, having served first as a member of Naval Institute's Board of Directors/ the Editorial Board and then as a member of the Naval Institute Foundation Board of Trustees.  Tom has also been a contributor to Proceedings magazine, and a frequent participant in the Naval Institute's seminar program.

Prior to rejoining the Naval Institute, Tom was the Executive Vice-President of a subsidiary to major publishing conglomerate with focus on 1st responder training.  From 1998 to 2001, he was CEO/President of a subsidiary to a Fortune 250 financial services corporation. Following the 911 terrorist attacks he began advising corporations doing business with the Federal Government on Homeland Security, Counter-Terrorism, and Defense Transformation.

Tom Wilkerson’s military career spans 31 years from graduation with the U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1967 to service as Marine Fighter/Attack Aviator, and finally to senior leadership as a Major General of Marines.  In his last assignment as Commander, Marine Forces Reserve, Tom led the largest command in the Marine Corps with over 100,000 Marines at 200 sites around the country and a budget in excess of $500M annually.

General Wilkerson is a member of the Society of the Cincinnati and the Council on Foreign Relations.   

RADM Joseph F. Callo, USNR (Ret.)


Author, John Paul Jones and USNI Naval Historian of the Year


Joseph Callo is a Naval History Magazine Author of the Year. His most recent book John Paul Jones: America’s First Sea Warrior (Naval Institute Press, 2006) is the 2006 winner of the Samuel Eliot Morison Award by the Naval Order of the US for excellence in naval literature. He contributed to The Trafalgar Companion (Osprey Publishing, 2005) and was U.S. editor/author for Who’s Who in Naval History (Routledge, 2004). His books include Nelson in the Caribbean: The Hero Emerges, 1784-1787 (Naval Institute Press, 2002), Nelson Speaks: Admiral Lord Nelson in His Own Words (Naval Institute Press, 2001), and Legacy of Leadership—Lessons from Admiral Lord Nelson (Hellgate Press, 1999).  Mr. Callo has written for a variety of magazines and newspapers. He also is a frequent public speaker and has done numerous radio and TV interviews.

Before writing full time, Mr. Callo was a senior executive with major advertising agencies and was a freelance producer for NBC-TV and PBS. His awards include the prestigious George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award for his work as line producer on the NBC-TV prime-time special Tut: The Boy King (narrated by Orson Wells) and a Telly Award for his script for The Second Life of 20 West Ninth, a PBS and History Channel program (narrated by William Shatner). He taught advertising and writing at St. John’s University.

Mr. Callo was commissioned from the Yale University Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps and served two years of sea duty with the U.S. Navy’s Atlantic Amphibious Forces, where he was qualified as a surface warfare officer. Upon returning to civilian life, he commanded three reserve public affairs units and performed reserve duty with a variety of U.S. Navy commands, including: the Pre-Commissioning Detail of USS Saratoga, Sixth Fleet, Pacific Fleet, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Naval War College, Chief of Naval Reserve, Chief of Information, the Oceanographer of the Navy and others. He retired from the Naval Reserve as a rear admiral. He learned to sail at age 13, and he skippers sailboats up to 50 feet in length in the Caribbean. He also crewed in the full-scale reproduction of Captain Cook’s square-rigged bark Endeavour. Mr. Callo lives in New York City with his wife the former Sally Chin McElwreath, who is a retired Naval Reserve captain and most recently was a senior vice president with a major utility/energy company.

Dr. Virginia W. Lunsford


Associate Professor, U.S. Naval Academy, Author Piracy and Privateering in the Golden Age Netherlands


Virginia W. Lunsford is an associate professor of history at the United States Naval Academy. She is a specialist in maritime history, especially the history of piracy and privateering; the history of Early Modern Europe; the history of European expansion and colonialism; and the history of the Netherlands. Professor Lunsford holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in History from Harvard University where she studied with Simon Schama. She also earned an M.A. in Government and a B.A. with High Distinction in History and Rhetoric & Communication Studies from the University of Virginia. At the Naval Academy, Professor Lunsford currently teaches courses on “Warfare in the Age of Sail”; “The Golden Age of Piracy: Myth and Reality”; “The Buccaneers: A Case Study in Asymmetrical Warfare”; and “American Naval History.”


Professor Lunsford is the author of Piracy and Privateering in the Golden Age Netherlands (New York and London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005) and is currently researching and writing Dead Men Tell No Tales: A Cultural History of Piracy in the Modern Age under contract with Routledge. She has given public lectures on subjects such as early modern sailors, the warfare of the buccaneers, the Battle of Trafalgar, Jean Lafitte and the Battle of New Orleans, Golden Age piracy, the maritime culture of the Golden Age Dutch Republic, and modern Somali piracy.  In 2008, she was invited to participate as a featured speaker at the Highlands Forum to help shape future strategy for the Department of Defense.  Her academic honors include a U.S. Naval Academy McMullen Sea Power Fellowship, Fulbright Fellowship to the Netherlands, appointment as a Krupp Foundation Fellow in European Studies, and as a Visiting Fellow at the University of Leiden’s Institute for the History of European Expansion. She also served as University Writing Fellow at Harvard University.  

 As an acknowledged expert in maritime history and in the history of piracy, Professor Lunsford has appeared on television for the History Channel production of “Unconventional Warfare” (2002) where she spoke on Sir Francis Drake and the failure of the Spanish Armada in 1588. More recently she was featured, at length, in the History Channel program “True Caribbean Pirates” (2006) as an expert on the buccaneers.

 In response to the upsurge in Somali piracy, Professor Lunsford has written articles for the U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, “Why Does Piracy Work?” (December 2008) and for the Baltimore Sun: “Navy Can’t Do it Alone” (April 2009). Additionally, she was an invited participant and collaborator at the national security workshop on “Contemporary Piracy: Consequences & Cures,” sponsored by the American Bar Association, Johns Hopkins University, the University of Virginia, and the McCormick Foundation (June 2009); and will serve as the moderator for the panel on “Pirates: How Do We Defeat Them?” at the U.S. Naval Institute’s and AFCEA International’s “West 2010” conference (February 2010). As an expert on historical piracy, she has been consulted by the Wall Street Journal and CNN, appeared on the Voice of America, and been quoted in U.S. News and World Report, the Straits Times (Singapore) and the Houston Chronicle.

Frederick C. Leiner


Author, The End of Barbary Terror: America's 1815 War against the Pirates of North Africa


Frederick C. Leiner is a practicing lawyer and a historian of American naval and diplomatic history.  He is the author of The End of Barbary Terror: America’s 1815 War with the Pirates of North Africa (Oxford University Press, 2006) and Millions for Defense: The Subscription Warships of 1798 (Naval Institute Press, 2000).  He has written widely about the navy in the age of sail, including topics such as leadership, shipbuilding, and maritime prize cases, in the Naval Institute Proceedings, Naval History, Journal of Military History, American Journal of Legal History, and other scholarly and popular periodicals. 

He is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, took the M.Phil. in International Relations from Cambridge University, which he attended on a Thouron Scholarship, and received his law degree from the University of Virginia.

LCDR Benjamin Armstrong, USN


Author, Search-and-rescue pilot assigned to HSC-2


Lieutenant Commander Benjamin “BJ” Armstrong is an active duty naval helicopter pilot who has served as an amphibious search and rescue and special warfare pilot and an advanced helicopter flight instructor.   He is currently assigned to Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 28.  He holds a master’s degree in military history from Norwich University and has written on irregular warfare and naval history. A frequent contributor to Proceedings and Naval History magazine, he also writes for Small Wars Journal, and his articles have appeared in The Naval War College Review, Defense & Security Analysis, and Strategic Insights.

LCDR Claude G. Berube, USNR


Professor, Department of Political Science, United States Naval Academy


Lieutenant Commander Claude Berube teaches in the Political Science Department at the United States Naval Academy where his courses have included Naval History, Terrorism, Maritime Security Challenges, and Emergent Naval Warfare.  He has undergraduate and graduate degrees in history and national security including the Naval War College. He is currently writing on his doctoral dissertation on the Jacksonian Era Navy. 

He has worked for two U.S. Senators on Capitol Hill and as a civilian for the Office of Naval Intelligence as the head of a terrorism analysis team. As a Navy Reserve officer he has been mobilized several times. He served aboard USS Bunker Hill (CG 52) during its deployment to the Middle East in 2004-05 which included anti-piracy operations off the Horn of Africa.  In 2010, he was a Visiting Fellow for Maritime Studies at the Heritage Foundation. 

The co-author of two books on naval history and Congress, he is editing a new work on private market responses to piracy, terrorism, and 21st century security challenges.  A frequent contributor to Naval History and Naval Institute Proceedings, his articles on maritime security and piracy have also appeared in Orbis, Christian Science Monitor, the Washington Times, Forbes.com, Jane's Intelligence Review, Small Wars Journal and the Journal of International Peacekeeping Operations.

Eric Wertheim


Proceedings Columnist, Author & Editor, The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World


Eric Wertheim is a defense consultant, columnist and author specializing in naval and air force issues. He was named to the helm of the internationally acknowledged, one volume Naval Institute reference Combat Fleets of the World in 2002.

As author and editor, his duties include tracking, analyzing and compiling data and photography on every vessel, aircraft and major weapon system, in every naval and paranaval force in the world - from Albania to Zimbabwe. He leads an independent maritime intelligence effort that spans the globe to produce the book commonly known as Combat Fleets.

Frequently contacted by the news media for on-air interviews and background information related to international naval incidents, Eric Wertheim has served as a speechwriter for senior Pentagon officials and as a consultant to best-selling authors, publishers and nonprofit organizations. He has been instrumental in the advancement of numerous high-technology weapons and concepts, and from 1994 through 2004 Mr. Wertheim wrote the bimonthly "Lest We Forget" column on historic U.S. warships for the Naval Institute's Proceedings magazine.

Since 2004, Eric Wertheim has written the monthly "Combat Fleets" column for Proceedings, and his annual review of world navies runs in the March issue of the magazine. He is the coauthor with Norman Polmar of the books, Chronology of the Cold War at Sea and Dictionary of Military Abbreviations, both published by the Naval Institute Press.

Bringing a unique perspective to international naval analysis and writing, Mr. Wertheim is a former Washington, D.C., police officer (Reserve) and graduate of the District of Columbia’s Metropolitan Police Academy.  Mr. Wertheim was named Reserve Police Officer of the Year in 1997.

Robert Gauvin


Executive Director, Piracy Policy, Office of Vessel Activities, U.S. Coast Guard


 Mr. Gauvin is presently responsible for long-range projects of national and international concerns involving U.S. and foreign vessel commercial operations.  He champions marine safety and security program issues and coordinates strong liaisons through participation with industry groups, associations, the public, Congressional staffs, other federal agencies and international vessel administrations.

Bob graduated from Massachusetts Maritime Academy in 1977.  His accomplishments as a Program Manager with the  Coast Guard includes development of regulatory projects for the U.S. National Response Plan, the U.S. double hull tank vessel regulations of OPA 90, developing the U.S. compliance to the International Safety Management Code, as well as advisor for rewrite of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 (bulk oil).  He has been a guest lecturer for graduate programs in port safety and security at the World Maritime University in Malmo, Sweden; marine transportation and safety at MIT and Virginia Tech; safety management at Harvard’s JFK Management School; and was certified as a Master Instructor at the Coast Guard’s Marine Safety School, where he ran the Coast Guard’s Port Security School.  He also has extensive experience as a U.S. advisor to the International Maritime Organization on maritime safety, security, ship-port interface, as well as marine environmental protection.  His current duties include assignment as a Special Project Officer to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) on small vessel security; and Executive Director of Piracy Policy for the Prevention Policy Directorate with the Coast Guard.

CAPT Mark Tempest, USNR (Ret.)


Attorney, Maritime Law


Mark Tempest is a contributor to the forthcoming book Private Market Responses to Piracy, Terrorism, and 21st Century Security Challenges, expected to be published in 2011. A former in-house litigation counsel for a couple of America's larger oil and gas corporations, he is semi-retired but continues to handle some maritime and commercial litigation. He holds a B.A. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, an M.A. from Central Michigan University and his J.D. from the University of Georgia.

Commissioned through NROTC, Captain Tempest earned his surface warfare designation in WestPac during the Vietnam War. His reserve service primarily was with units concerned with protecting merchant shipping and inshore warfare/port security/harbor defense, and included recalls for Desert Storm and Kosovo.

He blogs at the maritime security blog EagleSpeak (www.eaglespeak.us), as a guest blogger at the U.S. Naval Institute Blog (http://blog.usni.org/) and he co-hosts the Navy-oriented internet radio show “Midrats” (www.blogtalkradio.com/midrats).

CDR John P. Patch, USN (Ret.)


Associate Professor, Strategic Intelligence, U.S. Army War College


Commander Patch returned to the U.S. Army War College as an Associate Professor of Strategic Intelligence in January 2010, acting as the senior strategic intelligence subject matter expert for the Army War College Center for Strategic Leadership, directing the design, preparation, and conduct of intelligence curriculum in strategic war gaming and long-term threat assessments. 

He recently served at the Defense Intelligence Agency as the Chief of the Acquisition Threat Support Division for the Defense Warning Office in the Directorate for Analysis from May-December 2009. He led and managed a large group of scientific and technical intelligence analysts focused on future threat assessments for Defense and policy acquisition decision-makers. Previous to that, he served from March 2008-May 2009 at the U.S. Army War College as an Associate Professor of Strategic Intelligence.

Commander Patch retired from the Navy after a 20-year career as a surface warfare and intelligence officer. His most recent military assignment was as the Director of the National Maritime Intelligence Watch at the Office of Naval Intelligence in Suitland, MD, a joint global watch floor manned by Navy and Coast Guard personnel providing 24-hour strategic indications and warning and all-source maritime intelligence assessments to the U.S. Government, Intelligence Community, and Defense customers.

From 2002 to 2005, he served at the Joint Intelligence Center, U.S. Central Command, in both Tampa, FL and the forward headquarters in Qatar as an analytical section chief and later as the Chief of Targets Branch, providing strategic advice to the J2 and Commander, U.S. Central Command on targeting plans, policy, and operations during a period of significant combat operations.

From 2000 to 2002, he served aboard the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN-71) as the Aircraft Carrier Intelligence Center Officer, directing 100 personnel in daily intelligence center threat warning and strike support operations for the carrier strike group and a twenty-ship Navy Carrier Strike Force during active combat operations in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM.

From 1997 to 2000, while assigned as a Senior Analyst and Team Chief on the Joint Chiefs of Staff as a Defense Intelligence Agency analyst, he led watch team analysis and production of daily Balkans regional briefings for the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretary of Defense during a period of combat operations in Yugoslavia; he also deployed to Bosnia.

From 1988 to 1997, Commander Patch served on amphibious warships supporting ARG deployments, including a tour as an LCAC Detachment Officer-in-Charge. He also taught Naval Science as faculty at the Villanova University NROTC Unit. Commander Patch was commissioned from NROTC Unit Villanova and completed undergraduate and graduate work in political science/international relations and national security affairs, including an MA from Villanova University and a Graduate Certificate in Strategy and Policy from Old Dominion University. He is a graduate of the Naval War College and Joint Forces Staff College and is a designated Joint Specialty Officer.

RADM Terence E. McKnight, USN (Ret.)


former Expeditionary Strike Group Two/Commander, Task Force 51/59/151


Rear Admiral Terence E. McKnight, USN (RET) a native of Norfolk, graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in May 1978. He completed his master's degree in International Relations at Salve Regina University in May 1998. Additionally, he graduated from the U.S. Army War College in 1994 and attended the National Security Seminar at Syracuse University in 2001.  

He commanded USS Whidbey Island (LSD 41) from January 1995 until November 1996 and USS Kearsarge (LHD 3) from July 2002 until December 2003.  Duties ashore included the Bureau of Naval Personnel (BUPERS), Surface Warfare Officers School, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), executive assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Navy (Manpower & Reserve Affairs), the Office of Chief of Naval Operations N6/N7, and executive assistant to the Under Secretary of the Navy. He served as the 85th commandant of Naval District Washington, the oldest continuously operated Navy installation in the nation and the deputy commander, Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region. He assumed duties as Commander, Expeditionary Strike Group 2, in September 2007 and served as the first Commander of Task Force 151 for counter-piracy operations in January 2009. 

He retired from the Navy in the summer of 2009 and is currently employed by Cobham.

Laurence Smallman


Defense Research Analyst, RAND Corporation


Laurence Smallman is a Defense Research Analyst at RAND.  As a former Royal Navy officer he commanded two ships and held important appointments across a variety of policy, operational, and training areas – including those for policy and planning of overseas military activity, maritime force projection, and counter terrorism.  At RAND, Laurence has developed his maritime security expertise in a range of projects for the U.S. DoD and UK MOD.  In particular, projects for DoD have considered how to improve partner nation naval capacity, an AOA for Special Operations Forces, and continuing work for NAVSEA.  Areas of special interest include the application and development of a strategy to tasks methodology to describe the needs of maritime nations and the impact of maritime disorder on the roles and missions for naval forces.  He has participated in numerous workshops and conferences for the U.S. and British governments, organized and run several workshops for RAND and been interviewed as a maritime expert in the U.S., Caribbean and Europe.

Capt Zachary D. Martin, USMC


Commanding Officer, Force Reconnaissance Company, I Marine Expeditionary Force


Captain Martin began his career as an enlisted Marine in 1997.  While assigned to 5th Force Reconnaissance Battalion, he deployed extensively throughout Southeast Asia conducting theater security cooperation missions with partnered militaries.  After being commissioned as an officer of Marines through the Enlisted Commissioning Program in 2001, he served as a platoon commander and company executive officer with 3d Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, deploying to Iraq and around the Pacific.  Transferring to 3d Reconnaissance Battalion in 2005, he again deployed to Iraq and throughout the Pacific Rim, the latter while serving as the Maritime Strike Force commander for the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit.  After serving briefly as a reconnaissance company commander at 3d Reconnaissance Battalion, in 2008 he transferred to 2d Battalion, 3d Marine Regiment, with whom he deployed to Afghanistan as a rifle company commander.  In 2010 he assumed command of Force Reconnaissance Company, I Marine Expeditionary Force, his current billet.  He is the author of numerous articles in professional military journals.


Conferences and Events

Maritime Security Dialogue

Wed, 2018-11-28

Maritime Security DialogueThe Return of Great Power Competition and SECOND Fleet A discussion with VADM Andrew "Woody"...

Defense Forum Washington 2018

WEST 2019

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From the Press

14 November - Lecture

Wed, 2018-11-14

15 November - Discussion

Thu, 2018-11-15

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