We have two major essay contests each year—the General Prize Essay Contest and Vincent Astor Memorial Leadership Essay Contest. Since our contests generate such excellent writing, we again take the contest idea, scale it down, and use it to encourage the submission of manuscripts.

The three winning articles will be published in our October 1984 special issue, "The Sea Services' Reserve Forces." If you have any thoughts on the sea services' reserve forces, limit your article to 4,000 words and submit it by 15 May 1984. There will be three cash prizes: $1,000, $750, and $500. Some of our non-winners will be purchased at our regular rates.

As a trigger for your research, please refer to the bibliography below. But do not limit yourself to these sources; let you research exploremany more unclassified sources. If you do not have 4,000 words for us, give us a 1,000–2000-woord Professional Note or a few-hundred-word comment.

Those not electing to write may well appreciate the attached bibliography as a source of articles on this topic.

Mini-Essay Contest Rules

  1. Articles must be original and no longer than 4,000 words.
  2. All entries should be directed to Editor-in-Chief, USNI Proceedings (Reserve Forces Contest), U. S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, MD 21402
  3. Articles must be received on or before 15 May 1984 at the Naval Institute.
  4. Letters notifying the award winners will be mailed on or about 1 August 1984.
  5. All articles should be typewritten, double-spaced, and on 8½ x 11" paper. Submit two complete copies.
  6. At least one of the winning articles will be published in the Proceedings. Some entires not awarded a prize also may be selected for publication. The writers of such articles shall be compensated at the purchase rate established for the feature for which they are bought.
  7. The Naval Institute Editorial Board will judge the competition.

Bibliography for the Sea Servides' Reserve Forces

Abert, James G. “Cost Effective Forces.” U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, November 1972, pp. 52–61.

Abert, James G. “The Naval Reserve Should Work.” U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, February 1980, pp. 49–53.

Atlantic Council’s Working Group on Military Service, Toward a Consensus on Military Service: Report of the Atlantic Council’s Working Group on Military Service, Andrew J. Goodpaster, Lloyd H. Elliott (Co-Chairmen). New York: Pergamon Press, 1982.

Binkin, Martin, “Military Manpower in the 1980’s: Issues and Choices.” International Security Review 5, Fall 1980, pp. 347–374.

Brown, Gordon V. “The Pinafore Syndrome and Other Reserve Problems.” U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, October 1983, pp. 167–172.

Burnett, Douglas R. “Naval Reserve Officer Leadership: An Institutional Failure.” U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, July 1981, pp. 101–103.

Butler, Francis P. “Defense Manpower and the All-Volunteer Force: A Different Perspective.” Naval War College Review, January–February 1980, pp. 85–91.

Coast Guard Reserve Administration Manual. COMDTINST M1001.26 (old CC-296). 30 Jan 1980 as amended by change 5, October 1983.

D’Ambrosio, Wayne, et al. Total Force Composition: The Force- Mix Decision Process-Interim Report. Washington, Logistics Management Institute, 1983.

Department of Defense, Evaluation of VISTA 1999. Washington: Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1983.

Department of Defense, Missions for the Navy’s Selected Reserve (classified study). Washington: Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1977.

Department of Defense, Readiness Assessment of the Reserve Components. Published annually since 1977, Reserve Forces Policy Board.

Department of Defense, The Guard, Reserve and Active Components of the Total Force. Report to the Committee on Appropriations, U. S. Senate. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower, Reserve Affairs, and Logistics). June 30, 1983.

Department of Defense, The Reserve Force in the 1990’s. Published in Two Volumes: Volume 1, “Executive Report;” Volume 2, “Technology, Demography, Field Study Report and Datum Force,” Reserve Forces Policy Board, December, 1980.

Flynn, George Q. The Mess in Washington: Manpower Mobilization in World War. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Gerard, Francis R, et al. VISTA 1999: A Long-Range Look at the Future of the Army and Air National Guard. Washington: ad hoc Committee, 1983.

Hessman, James H. “Background for the Future of the U. S. Naval Reserve.” U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, May 1978, pp. 144–157.

Howell, Jack D. “Mobilizing Marine Reserves.” Marine Corps Gazette, January 1981, pp. 38–42.

Korb, Lawrence J. “Paving The Way For Stronger Reserve Forces.” Defense, July 1983, pp. 22–28.

Kufeldt, E. “The Reserve Wing.” Marine Corps Gazette, May 1983, pp. 81-85.

Merritt, Hardy, “A Behavioral Model of the Determinants of Personnel Turnover in the Enlisted Reserve of the U. S. Navy.” Washington, National Defense University, 1982.

Montanaro, L. P. “The New Naval Reserve Submarine Support Program.” U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, August 1973, pp. 112–114.

Ouester, Aline, “Enlisted Accessions of Navy Veterans to the Selected Reserves.” Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 1983.

Register of Reserve Officers. COMDTINST M1426.2E. 1 July 1983. Published annually.

Reserve Personnel Management Information System. COMDTINST M 1080.6 (old CG-296-1). 21 May 1982.

Schank, John F.; Susan J. Bodilly; and Richard Y. Pei. Comparative Cost Analysis of Air Force Active and Reserve Units: C-130E and F-4D Case Studies. Santa Monica, California: Rand, 1983.

Serig, Howard W. “An Almost Ready Reserve." U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, September 1983, pp. 37–45.

Smith, W. Stanford. “Reserve Readiness in a Changing Environment.” Defense Management Quarterly, Third Quarter 1981, pp. 21–27.

Stewart, William G. Military Retirees as Mobilization Assets. Washington: Linton and Co., Inc., 1978.

Stivers, Reuben E. Privateers and Volunteers, The Men and Women of Our Reserve Naval Forces: 1766–1866. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1975.

The Reservist. A bimonthly periodical.

Turley, John. “Mobilization Manpower: A Credible Force or an Empty Promise.” Military Review 61, August 1981. pp. 2–12.

U. S. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Status of the Guard and Reserves. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Preparedness. 97th Cong., 1st Sess., 1982.

U. S. Congress, Manpower for a 600-Ship Navy: Costs and Policy Alternatives. Washington: Congressional Budget Office, 1983.

U. S. Congress, The Navy Needs to Do More to Make the Naval Reserve Effective (classified study). Washington: GAO, 1982.

Wiend, Harold. “The History of the Development of the Naval Reserves, 1889–1941.” Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1952.

Selected Submissions

Prize Winner
Captain James G. Abert, U. S. Naval Reserve
First Honorable Mention
Lieutenant Commander Sanford Sandy Kaplan, U. S. Naval Reserve
Second Honorable Mention
Commander Douglas F. Yriart, U. S. Naval Reserve

Previous Winners