Provide an independent forum for those who dare to read, think, speak, and write to advance the professional, literary, and scientific understanding of sea power and other issues critical to global security.
Bernard Edwards recounts the history that Nicholas Monsarrat used as the basis of his famous adventure novel, The Cruel Sea, which tells the tale of British ships trying to evade destruction by U-boat wolf packs hunting them in the North Atlantic. This work—a factual retelling—describes the actions of the three British convoys featured in the novel, first detailing the experiences of Convoy OG 71 when it attempted to sail from Liverpool to Gibraltar on 14 August 1941 with twenty-two merchantmen and eight escorts. During the trip, ten ships were lost without a single U-boat being sunk, and the convoy had to seek refuge in Lisbon. A month later, Convoy HG 73 sailed from Gibraltar with twenty-five merchantmen and thirteen escorts. Ten more ships were lost and only one U-boat was damaged. British fortunes began to improve when Convoy HG 76 sailed from Gibraltar in December with thirty-one merchantmen and a heavy escort of fifteen warships. During a six-day running battle, five U-boats were sunk and seven British ships lost.
Bernard Edwards pursued a sea-going career commanding ships trading worldwide. After nearly forty years afloat Captain Edwards settled in a tiny village in rural South Wales, to pursue his second career as a writer. His extensive knowledge of the sea and ships has enabled him to produce many authentic and eminently readable books which have received international recognition.
More by this Author
This is the improbable story of two very different German cruisers. The sleek and powerful Admiral...Read More
Since a simple cannon was first mounted on a sailing ship, the warship had but one purpose, to...Read More
DEATH IN THE DOLDRUMS
At the outbreak of war in 1939, Admiral Dönitz initiated an ambitious building program of Type...Read More
ROAD TO RUSSIA
When the Soviet Union joined the Allies in 1942, one of the most perilous convoy operations in...Read More