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Innovation, Education, and Leadership for the Modern Era
  • ISBN/SKU: 9781612518107
  • Binding: Paperback & eBook
  • Era:
  • Number of Pages: 176
  • Subject: Military History
  • Date Available: February 2015
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“The essays are followed by an epilogue in which Armstrong provides an insight into what Sims’ contemporaries thought of him. It reinforces the view of Sims as a man who was idolized by junior officers as the man who ‘attacked cherished beliefs as shams.’ 21st Century Sims is essential reading for the student of naval strategy; it is also highly recommended for those interested in innovation and civil-military relations.”—Warship 2016 

"Military officers might read 21st Century Sims to sharpen their ability to think about the problems of future war and how to make the most out of limited defence resources. Defence officials might use Sims’s discussion of war  gaming and the effect of aircraft and submarines on naval warfare to consider the implications of today’s emerging capabilities, such as long-range missiles and autonomy-enabled systems. Sims’s emphasis on people, especially in times of austerity, seems particularly relevant as Western militaries shrink and threats to international security grow. He urged the graduates of the US Naval War College in 1922 to focus on the ‘condition of training and morale as to make the best of any material conditions that may be imposed upon us’ (p. 134). In democracies, generals and admirals get the militaries that their citizens are willing to pay for. As Sims advised, it is their job to do the best they can with what they are provided."Survival: Global Politics and Strategy (IISS.org)

“...Sims serves as a model for all leaders and challenges us to examine our personal and professional development. How do we compare in our dedication to duty, our commitment to discipline and moral courage, our ability to innovate, and our ability to challenge ourselves continuously by learning? One could argue that we need a young Lieutenant Sims today if we are to remain a world power. The question is, Would we recognize a Lieutenant Sims in the twenty-first-century Navy? This is a welcome addition to the 21st Century Foundations series from the Naval Institute Press, informative, inspiring, and a must-read for those interested in leader development. The bibliography provides further reading recommendations to enhance the reader’s interest in this topic.”Naval War College Review

"This valuable book, importantly, puts Sims’ work as a naval intellectual and educator into perspective. There is no doubt that his education, experience and erudition all contributed enormously to America’s stunning success in World War II, particularly in the Pacific. This is an excellent collection of Admiral Sims’ writings that has been effectively edited and annotated by lieutenant-commander Armstrong. He has cleverly and relevantly linked them to the naval situation pertaining in the twenty-first century." —Baird Maritime.com

"21st Century Sims offers a snapshot of a remarkable naval mind, well ahead of its time both in its mode of thinking and its embrace of a professional ethos that saw naval service not merely as a job, but as a sacred trust. This book provides an excellent opportunity to glean insights from a key, albeit relatively obscure figure, who nevertheless made considerable contributions to his field and continues to offer educational value for aspiring leaders, both military and civilian."—TheBestDefense.com

"In 21st Century Sims Benjamin Armstrong provides us with a fascinating insight into one of the Navy's greatest innovators, Admiral William Sims. While interesting as history, what's more important for the modern reader is the relevance of these insights for the problems faced by today's organizations, both public and private sector. The difficulties faced by Sims and other early innovators in advancing naval gunnery, championing the use of steam over sail power, introducing submarines and aircraft into naval tactics, and countering the innate conservatism of senior managers is as relevant today as it was a century ago. The present problems may be different (the rise of the internet, cyber warfare, disruptive technical change, etc.), but the fundamental problems faced by Sims are the same-and his advice on leadership and change is prescient and valuable for leaders today."—Professor Charles O'Reilly, Stanford Graduate School of Business

“In his new book, 21st Century Sims, USN LCDR Benjamin F. Armstrong introduces this largely forgotten strategist to a new generation. In an accessible volume that builds on his prior work on Mahan, Armstrong introduces Sims to the reader, and then intersperses commentary with original writing from Sims for the rest of the book. This smart choice not only gives readers context to understand Sims’ ideas in their own time, along with potential applications today, but also lets Sims speak for himself. Armstrong’s commentary throughout the book is striking, well-written, and offers many relevant insights into critical issues facing the U.S. military today. This book is highly recommended not just for those interested in naval strategy, but those interested in military strategy, military innovation, and civil-military relations more broadly.” —WarOnTheRocks.com

For more than two decades William S. Sims was at the forefront of naval affairs. From the revolution in naval gunnery to his development of torpedo boat and destroyer operations, he was a central figure in  preparing the U.S. Navy for World War I. During the war, he served as the senior naval commander in Europe and was instrumental in the establishment of the convoy system. Following the war his leadership as president of the Naval War College established the foundation of the creative and innovative Navy that developed the operating concepts for submarines and aircraft carriers leading up to World War II.

Despite his dramatic impact on the U.S. Navy, Sims’ books and articles are often overlooked. His lessons are especially important for a today’s military, facing budget cuts and missions in transition. This book is a collection of Adm. William Sims’ written work, and it investigates his relevance in addressing the questions facing today’s military personnel and policymakers.

LCDR Benjamin Armstrong, USN, is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and Norwich University and is a PhD candidate in War Studies with King’s College, London.  He has been awarded the Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement and is the editor of 21st Century Mahan. BJ is the recipient of the Marine Corps Heritage Foundation's "General Roy S. Geiger Award” for best aviation article published during the previous calendar year (2014). Winning article: “The Answer to the Amphibious Prayer: Helicopters, the Marine Corps, and Defense Innovation,” published at WarontheRocks.com.

Lt. Cdr. Benjamin Armstrong, USN, is a 1999 Naval Academy graduate and naval aviator. His writing has appeared in Proceedings and the Infinity Journal.  Currently he is a MPhil/PhD candidate with the Department of War Studies at Kings College, London.

More by this Author

• MOAA "Military Professional Reading List" for 2016 includes 21ST CENTURY... Read More
“The essays are followed by an epilogue in which Armstrong provides an insight into what Sims... Read More

Events and Conferences

Blog Talk Radio Interview
1:00pm, “Military Monday w/John Gresham” / Listen here: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/writestream/... Read More
Guest Lecturer & Book Signing
Noon, “Eight Bells Lecture Series,” Naval War College Museum, 686 Cushing Rd., Newport, RI Read More
Guest Speaker
12:30pm, “Shifley Lecture Series,” U.S. Naval Academy Museum, 118 Maryland Ave., Annapolis, MD /... Read More
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[DEFx] Annapolis, Hobson Boat House, St. John's College, Annapolis, MD ~ Read More
Customer Reviews
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Average Customer Reviews
5.00 Stars
How to Innovate in the 21st Century Military
Sunday, June 19, 2016
By: Jeffrey Newton
LCDR Benjamin F. Armstrong is a Naval helicopter pilot and graduate of the US Naval Academy. He has a graduate degree in military history and is a PhD candidate in war studies at King’s College, London. 21st Century Sims is a well written and easy to read review of the major works of Admiral William Sowden Sims (and his close colleagues) a US Naval Officer who proved to be exceptionally innovative throughout his long and distinguished military career, influenced ship design and ordnance material and most significantly, revolutionising the way in which the Navy conducted battle at sea to the extend that he was affectionately called ‘The Gun Doctor’. His introduction of continuous-aim fire to the US Navy improved the accuracy of fire by orders of magnitude and quadrupled the rate of fire. However this is not a book about Navy sea battle, it is a book about innovation. In reviewing Sims’ military career and his ability to influence, he highlights what it takes to innovate in a bureaucratic, rank oriented environment where if you are not one of ‘the known’ or ‘inner circle’, you are not seen or heard. Amongst the many lessons which Armstrong extracts from the life of Sims are; the dangers of a conservative military, how men and women in uniform must educate themselves, the importance of the study of history, the need for professional debate, the value in military character or values, the essential requirement to maintain a focus on the problem and not the people, and the needs to point out faults and provide detailed constructive solutions. In order to innovate in a military context, this book highlights the skills one must develop, the detail they must present and the outright (and sometimes insubordinate) tenacity they must maintain. Further it highlights the role that leaders, supervisor, peers, friends and staff officers must take to support, open doors and help fight the bureaucracy that will try to stifle innovation. It is a must read for anyone interested in being part of bottom-up innovation.


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2016 Naval History Conference

Thu, 2016-09-08 - Fri, 2016-09-09

Join us for the 2016 Naval History Conference on 8 and 9 September at Alumni Hall at the U.S. Naval Academy. The Athena...

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Guest Speaker & Book Signing

Wed, 2016-07-27

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