THE SECRET WAR FOR THE MIDDLE EAST

The Influence of Axis and Allied Intelligence Operations During World War II
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Binding:Hardback
Published:October 15, 2013

It can be argued that the Middle East during the World War II has been regarded as that conflict’s most overlooked theater of operations. Though the threat of direct Axis invasion never materialized beyond the Egyptian Western Desert with Rommel’s Afrika Korps, this did not limit the Axis from probing the Middle East and cultivating potential collaborators and sympathizers. These actions left an indelible mark in the socio-political evolution of the modern states of the Middle East. This book explores the infusion of the political language of anti-Semitism, nationalism, fascism, and Marxism that were among the ideological byproducts of Axis and Allied intervention in the Arab world. The status of British-dominated Middle East was tailor-made for exploitation by Axis intelligence and propaganda. German and Italian intelligence efforts fueled anti-British resentments; their influence shaped the course of Arab nationalist sentiments throughout the Middle East. A relevant parallel to the pan-Arab cause was Hitler’s attempt to bring ethnic Germans into the fold of a greater German state. In theory, as the Sudeten German stood on par with the Carpathian German, so too, according to doctrinal theory, did the Yemeni stand in union with the Syrian in the imagination of those espousing pan-Arabism. As historic evidence demonstrates, this very commonality proved to be a major factor in the development of relations between Arab and Fascist leaders. The Arab nationalist movement amounted to nothing more than a shapeless, fragmented, counter position to British imperialism, imported to the Arab East via Berlin for Nazi aspirations.

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Product Details
  • Subject: World War II
  • Hardback : 256 pages
  • Illustrations: 5
  • Publisher: Naval Institute Press (October 15, 2013)
  • ISBN-10: 1612513093
  • ISBN-13: 9781612513096
  • Product Dimensions: 6 X 9 in
  • Shipping Weight: 17.43 oz
Praise
  • “Naval Commander Youssef Aboul-Enein and his younger brother, Basil, have written a book that deals with issues of special interest to U.S. military leaders in the Middle East since the attacks of September 11, 2001. Youssef Aboul-Enein is well versed in the field of intelligence and military operations in the Middle East before, during, and after World War II, which are matters of particular concern give U.S. interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq.”—The Historian
  • “Youssef and Basil set out to write a book designed to introduce a non-specialist to the ideas of how 'influence operations, strategic communication, and the use of intelligence in strategic planning' can shape the environment, and they have clearly accomplished this goal.”—Military Review
  • “The Aboul-Enein brothers have analyzed a crucial topic, one that intelligence officers should take the time to study.”-Studies in Intelligence
  • “Youssef and Basil Aboul-Enein are not professional historians; they are American military persons. Judging by their recently published book, however, they definitely are going to have a place of distinction among historians of the modern Middle East."-Digest of Middle East Studies
  • “This valuable, insightful, and compelling book exposes, in the main, some facets of the covert war of diplomacy, intrigue, and propaganda and the impact that the Middle East had on the evolution of Arab nationalist movements in the twentieth century and militant Islamist groups in the twenty-first century.”Naval History Book Reviews

Youssef H. Aboul-Enein is a U.S. Navy Medical Service Corps Commander, Middle East Foreign Area Officer, and is author of Militant Islamist Ideology: Understanding the Global Threat, Iraq in Turmoil: Historical Perspectives of Dr. Ali al-Wardi from the Ottoman Empire to King Feisal, and co-author of The Secret War for the Middle East: The Influence of Axis and Allied Intelligence Operations During World War II, all published by Naval Institute Press. He currently is Adjunct Islamic Studies Chair at the National Defense University’s Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy as well as Adjunct Faculty for Middle East Counter Terrorism Analysis at the National Intelligence University. His full-time duty since 2006 has been as Senior Counter-Terrorism Advisor, Warning Officer, and Instructor on Militant Islamist Ideology at the Defense Intelligence Agency’s Defense Combating Terrorism Center in Washington DC. CDR Aboul-Enein served as Country Director for North Africa and Egypt, Assistant Country Director for the Arabian Gulf, and Special Advisor on Islamist Militancy at the Office of the Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs from 2002 to 2006. At the Office of the Secretary of Defense, he helped prepare Defense Department officials engage in ministerial level talks with their counterparts from Morocco to the Persian Gulf.

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Basil Aboul-Enein is a former captain of the U.S. Air Force, where he held the position as Public Health commander and Medical Intelligence Officer at Columbus AFB. He has a Masters in Military History through Norwich University. He currently teaches undergraduate nutrition courses at San Jacinto College and East Mississippi Community College and lives in Starkville, MS.

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