By Lieutenant Colonel Merrill L. Bartlett, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired)
Because the Navy Department failed to ease a glut of post-Civil War officers and new officer candidates in the 1880s, Congress took the issue for action. A decade passed before the Navy could repair the career ladder.
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Merrill L. Bartlett served as an officer in the Marine Corps for twenty years, with final assignment at the U.S. Naval Academy, where he earned three awards for excellence in teaching history. He is the author, coauthor, editor, or coeditor of seven books on naval history, and he has published more than a hundred essays, encyclopedia entries, forewords to books, and book reviews. He lives on Vashon Island, WA.
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