The performance of IBM, General Motors, and Ford over the last few decades proves that organizational success is forged in a crucible of intense market competition. Long-term success requires a company to transform itself continually, in response to changes in the strategic environment and customer demands for new services and products. Failure to respond leads to obsolescence. The same is true for our military forces today. In the face of a dramatically different security situation and revolutionary technologies, standing still today equates to stagnation, operational failure, and-ultimately-irrelevance.