In 2003, after four years as the 32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Jones was appointed Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, the first Leatherneck ever to hold the post. He retired from that assignment at the end of 2006, concluding a distinguished military career spanning 40 years. Last summer, the Senate asked him to lead an important commission examining the state of Iraqi security forces. The report was issued after Labor Day. What follows is an exclusive interview with the general, conducted by Proceedings columnist Harlan Ullman, that reflects on the work of that commission, its findings, as well his views on other topics, including Afghanistan. Since the interview, General Jones has been named by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice as her special envoy for Middle East security, a role in which he is to help design a Palestinian security force, among other tasks.