It's fair to say it's more difficult to train an integrated group," conceded Admiral Donald Pilling, Vice Chief of Naval Operations, when pressed by lawmakers to explain why men and women recruits must live and train together from the first day of boot camp. "But in the Navy, 40% of our female recruits go directly to ships and squadrons after recruit training," Pilling added. For them, there is no second level of training, where sexes learn to live and work together, before being forced to do so in an operational environment. Admiral Pilling and other defenders of gender-integrated boot camps felt plenty of heat during their 17 March testimony before the House National Security Subcommittee on Military Personnel. But the likelihood that Congress—in an election year—will order basic training segregated by gender—as allowed in the Marine Corps —seems slim, despite concerns about low morale, shaky unit cohesion, and lax discipline raised by the Federal Advisory Committee on Gender-Integrated Training.