To optimally navigate the evolving battlefield of cyberspace, the Navy must strengthen its understanding of the Law of Armed Conflict as well as its implications for Navy cyber strategy.
The ongoing technological revolution has redefined how humankind interacts and how the U.S. military conducts operations. At the heart of every successful operation is information dominance, the secure and reliable exchange of critical information, intelligence, and command-and-control signals. The advance of technology has allowed the Department of Defense to migrate this exchange to cyberspace—defined as a global domain within the information environment consisting of the interdependent network of information technology infrastructure, including the Internet, telecommunications networks, computer systems, and embedded processors and controllers—in the form of command, control, communications, computers, combat systems, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C5ISR) systems. 1 This allows for enhanced coordination of forces, increased access to information, and accelerated decision-making. As a result, success in other warfare domains is now contingent on success in the cyberspace arena. Within the range of U.S. military operations, the ability to deliver decisive effects in cyberspace is a prerequisite for achieving mission assurance for Navy and joint commanders.